Course Catalog

Biology

Chairperson:  David Boose
Professors: K. Anders, B. BancroftJ. Beckstead, M. Bertagnolli, D. Boose, W. Ettinger, H. Lefcort, M. Poxleitner , N. Staub, B. Swanson, P. Pauw (Emeritus), R. Prusch (Emeritus)
Associate Professors: E. AddisC. Andrade, G. Chang, J. Haydock
Assistant Professors:  L. Diaz-Martinez, N. D'Souza, J. Hegg, J. Orcutt
Lecturer: M. Howard,K. Measor

The department offers two degrees, one major and one minor:

Bachelor of Science, Biology major

Optional Concentrations in:   
  • Biology Research
  • Ecology and Concentration Biology
  • Evolution and Integrative Biology
  • Microbiology, Molecular, Cell Biology
  • Physiology Concentration
 
Bachelor of Arts, Biology major (optional Biology Research concentration

Minor in Biology

Biology is the study of living organisms and the environment in which they live. To prepare students to pursue biology-oriented careers in fields such as medicine, dentistry, biotechnology, conservation science, environmental science, sustainability, research and teaching, we offer courses and experiences that help them understand the unity, diversity and complexity of life using evolutionary principles as the unifying theme. Through inquiry-based laboratory experiences and opportunities to participate in research projects, Biology majors also acquire problem solving and critical thinking skills and are therefore well prepared for their next step whether it be graduate or professional programs, specific training in health care fields, work in a lab or field station, or combining their scientific training with another interest such as business, law or even the arts.  

Students earning a Biology degree at Gonzaga obtain:

  • a broad, liberal arts education (through the university core curriculum)
  • a common foundation of knowledge and experience across the breadth of biology (through the Biology common curriculum)
  • foundational courses in the physical sciences that support biological research (chemistry and physics) 
  • the ability to investigate areas of interest in depth through a wide variety upper division courses

The Biology Department offers two degrees—the Bachelor of Science (B.S.) and the Bachelor of Arts (B.A.)—with one major: Biology. There are four subject-area concentrations within the Bachelor of Science degree, and a research concentration that can be combined with either the B.S. or the B.A. degree. Students are not required to choose a concentration. We also offer a Biology minor for students who want to combine a basic knowledge of Biology with a major in a different field. 

The B.S. degree is designed for students preparing for careers in the life sciences, including continued training in graduate programs, as well as medical, dental and veterinary schools. The B.A. degree has fewer requirements and allows students more flexibility for combining the Biology major with other majors, minors, or certifications, such as teaching certification. The B.A. degree may also be suitable for graduate programs not requiring additional physics and chemistry. 

Within the B.S. degree, students may choose a subject-area concentration aligned with one of the broad subfields of biology: Microbiology, Molecular, and Cell Biology (MMCB); Physiology; Ecology and Conservation Biology (ECB); or Evolution and Integrative Biology (EIB). These concentrations provide a focused and specific pathway through the major, while retaining the broad foundation and exposure to all of the major disciplinary areas in biology. Students may also choose a no-concentration option, which provides a broad overview of the field and prepares students for a wide range of career and education options. 

The Research Concentration is designed for students who want to explore graduate level training in science, and can be combined with either the B.S. or the B.A. degree. Biology faculty members are committed to mentoring students in their research labs and also support Gonzaga students who are interested in doing summer research at other institutions. The Research Concentration may be combined with any of the subject-area concentrations.

Science impacts everyone in our society. To help promote an understanding of the nature of science and scientific issues that affect us all, the department offers courses that specifically fulfill the Scientific Inquiry requirement of the University Core curriculum: Scientific Inquiry (BIOL 104 and 104L), Biological Systems (BIOL 181 and BIOL 181L), and Field Studies in Biodiversity (BIOL 159 and 159L). 

 

Biology Common Curriculum: 23 credits

All Biology students (B.S., B.A., and minor) take the Biology common curriculum, which includes the following courses:

Required lower division Biology courses:
BIOL 105/BIOL 105L Information Flow in Biological Systems 4 credits
BIOL 106 Energy Flow in Biological Systems 3 credits
BIOL 205/BIOL 205L Physiology and Biodiversity 4 credits
BIOL 206/BIOL 206L Ecology 4 credits
BIOL 207/BIOL 207L Genetics 4 credits
Required Chemistry courses   
CHEM 101/CHEM 101L General Chemistry* 4 credits

* Students pursuing the Biology minor may substitute ENVS 104 and ENVS 104L, Environmental Chemistry.

 

B.A. Major in Biology: 40 credits

In addition to the Biology common curriculum above, students pursuing the B.A. degree must also complete the following courses:

 
CHEM 230 / CHEM 230L Organic Chemistry I & Lab 5 credits
BIOL 399 Advanced Topics 2 credits
BIOL Upper Division Electives 9 credits
BIOL 495 Senior Evaluation 0 credits
BIOL 499 Senior Colloquium 1 credit

 

B.S. Major in Biology with no concentration: 64 credits

Lower Division
CHEM 230/CHEM 230L Organic Chemistry I 5 credits
CHEM 231/CHEM 231L Organic Chemistry II 4 credits
CHEM 245/CHEM 245L Biochemistry 4 credits
One of the following course and lab combinations: 5 credits
PHYS 111/PHYS 111L General Physics I and Lab
 
PHYS 121/PHYS 121L Physics I and Lab
 
One of the following course and lab combinations:  5 credits 
PHYS 112/PHYS 112L General Physics II and Lab 

PHYS 122/PHYS 122L  Physics II and Lab
 
Upper Division*
BIOL 399 Advanced Topics 2 credits
BIOL Upper Division Electives 15 creds
BIOL 495 Senior Evaluation 0 credits
BIOL 499 Senior Colloquium 1 credit

B.S. Major in Biology with a concentration in Microbiology, Molecular, and Cellular Biology (MMCB): 67-68 credits

In addition to the Biology common curriculum above, students pursuing the B.S. degree with the MMCB concentration must also complete the following courses:
Required Chemistry and Physics courses
CHEM 230/CHEM 230L Organic Chemistry I 5 credits
CHEM 231/CHEM 231L Organic Chemistry II 4 credits
CHEM 245/CHEM 245L Biochemistry 4 credits
One of the following course and lab combinations: 5 credits
PHYS 111/PHYS 111L General Physics I and Lab
 
PHYS 121/PHYS 121L Physics I and Lab
 
One of the following course and lab combinations:  5 credits 
PHYS 112/PHYS 112L General Physics II and Lab 

PHYS 122/PHYS 122L  Physics II and Lab
 
Required Math or Statistics courses: (choose one course) 3-4 credits
MATH 148 Survey of Calculus
 
MATH 157 Calculus-Analytical Geometry I
 
MATH 221 Applied Statistics
 
BIOL 305 Biological Data Analysis
 
Required upper division Biology courses
BIOL 399 Advanced Topics 2 credits
BIOL 495 Senior Evaluation 0 credits
BIOL 499 Senior Colloquium 1 credit
BIOL Upper Division and other science electives: 15 credits total  
Group A: Choose one course:  4 credits
BIOL 351/BIOL 351L Cell Biology + Lab
 
BIOL 370/BIOL 370L Microbiology + Lab
 
BIOL 456/BIOL 456L Molecular Biology + Lab
 
Group B: Choose one course: 3-4 credits
BIOL 335 Advanced Genetics
 
BIOL 337 Developmental Biology
 
BIOL 351/BIOL 351L Cell Biology + Lab
 
BIOL 451/BIOL 451L Comparative Endocrinology + Lab
 
BIOL 456/BIOL 456 Molecular Biology + Lab
 
BIOL 498 4 credits approved Research
 
Group C: Choose one course: 3-4 credits
BIOL 305 Biological Data Analysis
 
BIOL 331 Parasitology
 
BIOL 370/BIOL 370L Microbiology + Lab
 
BIOL 374 Immunology
 
BIOL 375 Virology
 
BIOL 441/BIOL 441L Advanced Physiology + Lab
 
BIOL 498 4 credits approved Research
 
Choose at least three credits from the list of courses below to complete required 15 credits of Biology Upper division and other science electives: 3-5 credits

BIOL 301-498, including those listed above that were not used to meet any requirement above (BIOL 497 does not qualify)
 
CHEM 310 and higher
CPSC 121 and higher
MATH 221 and higher, if not used above
PHYS 205 and higher
 

 

 

B.S. Degree with a Concentration in Physiology: 63 – 64 credits

In addition to the Biology common curriculum above, students pursuing the B.S. degree with the Physiology concentration must also complete the following courses:
Required Chemistry and Physics courses
CHEM 230/CHEM 230L Organic Chemistry I 5 credits
One of the following course and lab combinations: 5 credits
PHYS 111/PHYS 111L General Physics I and Lab
 
PHYS 121/PHYS 121L Physics I and Lab
 
Required Math or Statistics: Choose one 3-4 credits
MATH 321 Statistics for Experimentalist
 
MATH 221 Applied Statistics
 
BIOL 305 Biological Data Analysis
 
Required upper division Biology courses
BIOL 399 Advanced Topics 2 credits
BIOL 495 Senior Evaluation 0 credits
BIOL 499 Senior Colloquium 1 credit
BIOL Upper Division Electives 15 creds
A total of 15 credits of upper-division BIOL electives. At least 10 credits must be taken from this list; at least one course must include a lab:
BIOL 313 Animal Behavior
 
BIOL 341/BIOL 341L Human Physiology + Lab
 
BIOL 351/BIOL 351L Cell Biology + Lab
 
BIOL 371/BIOL 371L Vertebrate Biology + Lab
 
BIOL 420 Physiological Ecology
 
BIOL 441 Advanced Physiology
 
BIOL 451/BIOL 451L Endocrinology + Lab
 
BIOL 441/BIOL 441L Advanced Physiology + Lab
 
BIOL 498 4 credits approved Research
 
Other Science Electives: 9 credits
Any upper division BIOL courses that have not already been counted toward the concentration
 
Any CHEM course above 230
CPSC 101 and higher
ANY MATH course 148 or higher
Any PHYS course above 111/121
 

B.S. Degree with a Concentration in Ecology and Conservation Biology (ECB): 63 – 67 credits

In addition to the Biology common curriculum above, students pursuing the B.S. degree with the ECB concentration must also complete the following courses:
Required Chemistry and Physics courses
One of the following two courses  4-5 credits 
CHEM 230/CHEM 230L Organic Chemistry I
 
ENVS 202/ENVS 202L Chemistry of the Environment
 
One of the following course and lab combinations: 5 credits
PHYS 111/PHYS 111L General Physics I and Lab
 
PHYS 121/PHYS 121L Physics I and Lab
 
Required Math and Statistics: Choose one  3-4 credits
MATH 148 Survey of Calculus
 
MATH 157 Calculus-Analytical Geometry I
 
MATH 221 Applied Statistics 1
 
BIOL 305 Biological Data Analysis
 
Required upper division Biology courses
BIOL 399 Advanced Topics 2 credits
BIOL 495 Senior Evaluation 0 credits
BIOL 499 Senior Colloquium 1 credit
BIOL Upper Division Electives 16 creds
At least 12 credits must be taken from this list. At least two courses must include labs; a significant research experience (BIOL 498) can substitute for one laboratory course.
BIOL 303/BIOL 303L Population Ecology + Lab
 
BIOL 313 Animal Behavior
 
BIOL 323/BIOL 323L Conservation Biology + Lab
 
BIOL 331 Parasitology
 
BIOL 333 Community Ecology
 
BIOL 340/BIOL 340L Field Botany + Lab
 
BIOL 344/BIOL 344L GIS and Ecological Techniques + Lab
 
BIOL 357/BIOL 357L Principles of Wildlife Mgmt. + Lab
 
BIOL 359/BIOL 359L Studies in Biodiversity + Lab
 
BIOL 360 Plant Biology
 
BIOL 367/BIOL 367L Entomology + Lab
 
BIOL 403/BIOL 403L Marine Biology + Lab
 
BIOL 420 Physiological Ecology
 
BIOL 498 4 credits approved Research
 
Other Science Electives: 6-8 credits
A minimum of 6 credits from courses in BIOL (300-400 level), CHEM, CPSC, MATH, or PHYS that have not already been counted toward the concentration.

1MATH 221 requires MATH 148 as a prerequisite.

B.S. Degree with a Concentration in Evolution and Integrative Biology (EIB): 60 – 65 credits

In addition to the Biology common curriculum above, students pursuing the B.S. degree with the EIB concentration must also complete the following courses:
Required Chemistry and Physics courses
CHEM 230/CHEM 230L Organic Chemistry I 5 credits
One of the following course and lab combinations: 5 credits
PHYS 111/PHYS 111L General Physics I and Lab
 
PHYS 121/PHYS 121L Physics I and Lab
 
Required Math or Statistics: Choose one 3-4 credits
MATH 147  Precalculus or math course for science majors
 
MATH 121 Statistics
 
MATH 221Applied Statistics 2
 
BIOL 305 Biological Data Analysis
 
Required upper division Biology courses
BIOL 399 Advanced Topics 2 credits
BIOL 495 Senior Evaluation 0 credits
BIOL 499 Senior Colloquium 1 credit
One of the following two courses: 3-4 credits
BIOL 334 Advanced Evolution
 
BIOL 323/BIOL 323L Conservation Biology
 
BIOL Upper Division Electives 15 creds
At least ONE course must include a lab or BIOL 498 Research.
MUST select courses from 2 of the 3 Groups (A,B,C)
12 credits
Group A:   
BIOL 335 Advanced Genetics
 
BIOL 351/BIOL 351L Cell Biology + Lab
 
BIOL 370/BIOL 370L Microbiology + Lab
 
BIOL 374 Immunology
 
BIOL 375 Virology
 
BIOL 456/BIOL 456 Molecular Biology + Lab
 
BIOL 441/BIOL 441L Neurophysiology + Lab
 
Group B: 3-4 credits
BIOL 313 Animal Behavior
 
BIOL 331 Parasitology
 
BIOL 334 Advanced Evolution
 
BIOL 337 Developmental Biology
 
BIOL 340/BIOL 340L Field Botany + Lab 
 
BIOL 341/BIOL 341L Human Physiology + Lab 
 
BIOL 451/BIOL 451L Comparative Endocrinology + Lab 
 
BIOL 360 Plant Biology
 
BIOL 367/BIOL 367L Entomology + Lab 
 
BIOL 441/BIOL 441L Advanced Physiology + Lab 
 
BIOL 371/BIOL 371L Vertebrate Biology + Lab 
 
Group C:  
BIOL 303/BIOL 303L Population Ecology + Lab 
 
BIOL 323/BIOL 323L Conservation Biology + Lab 
 
BIOL 333 Community Ecology
 
BIOL 344/BIOL 344L GIS + Lab 
 
BIOL 357/BIOL 357L Princ. Wildlife Mgmt. + Lab 
 
BIOL 359/BIOL 359L Studies in Biodiversity + Lab 
 
BIOL 403/BIOL 403L Marine Biology + Lab 
 
BIOL 420 Physiological Ecology
 
Other Science Electives: Choose two 6-9 credits
BIOL 305 Biological Data Analysis
 
CHEM 205 and higher
CPSC 121 and higher
MATH 148 and higher, if not used above
PHYS 122 and higher
 

2 MATH 221 requires MATH 148 as a prerequisite.


Minor in Biology: 28 credits

In addition to the Biology common curriculum above, students pursuing a minor in Biology must also complete at least five credits of upper-division Biology electives (300- or 400-level).
Students must earn a C- grade or better in BIOL 105/105L and CHEM 101/101L in order to take BIOL 106. A C- grade or better in BIOL 106 is required in order to take BIOL 205, 206, or 207. Students must also earn a C- grade or better in BIOL 205/205L, 206/206L, 207/207L and 399 in order to take BIOL 499. For upper division biology electives, a minimum of 10 credits (B.S.), 6 credits (B.A.), or 4 credits (Minor) must be biology courses taken from Gonzaga faculty; students participating in study abroad programs should make note. Credits from BIOL 497, Biology Internship, do not satisfy any requirements for the Biology Major or Minor.

All courses should be chosen in consultation with a faculty advisor.

B.S. or B.A. in Biology with Research Concentration

The Research Concentration is designed to make research experiences available to more students, to show students the value of science education outreach through experiential learning, and to provide students with a more solid foundation in biological mathematics and science communication. It consists of a number of courses and experiences designed to prepare students to pursue research in some venue (graduate school, industry, government, medical school, or science education) after graduation. Students can enter the program at any time, although we anticipate most students will enter the program as sophomores or juniors.

To complete the Research Concentration, the following requirements are added to the requirements for the B.S. or B.A. degree in biology:

  1. Participate in a significant research experience. This means working on an independent research project for the equivalent of 4 credits. Most students can fulfill this requirement in one summer of full-time research or four academic semesters of research while enrolled in other classes. Enrolling in the Research Concentration does not guarantee a research experience. It is the student’s responsibility to secure a research position. This requirement can be fulfilled by working with a GU faculty member or, with prior permission, with a faculty member at a different institution. 
  2. Present the results from the independent research (in oral or poster format) to the scientific community at an event organized for that purpose.
  3. Write up the research results under advisement with your research mentor. Final papers will be turned in to the Research Coordinator the last month of the final semester you are enrolled at Gonzaga. If you did research off campus, see the Research Coordinator to arrange a local writing mentor.
  4. Participate in science education outreach for 16 hours one semester (BIOL 295/CHEM 295).
  5. Take BIOL 484 Research Seminar (1 credit) and attend a minimum of 12 biology-related seminars (including those in BIOL 484), and write and submit a seminar reflection for each seminar.
  6. Take a college calculus course, Survey of Calculus (MATH 148) or Calculus and Analytic Geometry I (MATH 157).
  7. Complete a statistics course (MATH 121 or MATH 321) or biological mathematics course, Biological Data Analysis (BIOL 305).
Lower Division
BIOL 104 Scientific Inquiry:
2.00 credits
This lecture and laboratory course content will be determined by the instructor to meet the learning objectives of the Scientific Inquiry requirement of the University Core. Fall and Spring.
Concurrent:
BIOL 104L
BIOL 104L Scientific Inquiry Lab
1.00 credit
Taken concurrently with BIOL 104.
Concurrent:
BIOL 104
BIOL 105 Info Flow in Biol Systems
3.00 credits
This course provides a foundation in the principles of biology by examining the fundamental role of information in generating the properties of life. The course explores the molecular basis of biological information (codes, signals, structures) and its role in growth, development, communication, regulation, reproduction and evolution of living things. Fall and Spring.
Concurrent:
BIOL 105L
BIOL 105L Info Flow in Biol Systems Lab
1.00 credit
Designed to provide students with an authentic scientific discovery experience, this laboratory involves the isolation, identification, and characterization of novel bacteriophages from local soil samples. Students learn how to approach scientific questions, make observations, record, analyze and report data. Taken concurrently with BIOL 105.
Prerequisite:
BIOL 105 Minimum Grade: C-
BIOL 106 Energy Flow in Biol Systems
3.00 credits
This course focuses on the biological processes of energy acquisition, how energy is used in biological systems, and how energy is transferred between organisms and through ecosystems. Human impacts to energy transfer will be covered and topics will integrate energy concepts from cells to organisms to ecosystems. There is no laboratory associated with this course. Fall and Spring. Prerequisite(s): BIOL 105, minimum grade: C- and BIOL 105L, minimum grade: C- (or concurrent) and CHEM 101, minimum grade: C- and CHEM 101L, minimum grade: C-
Prerequisite:
BIOL 105 Minimum Grade: C- and BIOL 105L Minimum Grade: C- and CHEM 101 Minimum Grade: C- and CHEM 101L Minimum Grade: C- and CHEM 101L Minimum Grade: C-
BIOL 159 Studies in Biodiversity
1.00 credit
This course is an optional continuation of BIOL 159L Field Studies in Biodiversity. Research projects initiated in the field in BIOL 159L will be concluded with further library research, completion of a technical or popular press article, drafting and editing a poster, and a presentation at a local or regional event. Fall.
Prerequisite:
BIOL 159L Minimum Grade: D
Equivalent:
BIOL 359 - OK if taken since Summer 1 2008
BIOL 159L Field Studies in Biodiversity
3.00 credits
This course uses a field experience as a backdrop to learn about evolutionary, ecological and biogeographical processes that determine the ranges and biodiversity of organisms. The course begins with class work on the Gonzaga campus and is followed by 3-4 weeks in the field, where Gonzaga faculty and local experts will mentor students. Field locations vary by year and include Ecuador, Zambia, or domestic locations. This course is designed for non-science majors. The class meets together with the students enrolled in BIOL 359L for Biology majors. Summer.
Equivalent:
BIOL 359L - OK if taken since Spring 2015
BIOL 170 Introduction to Microbiology
3.00 credits
An introduction to microbiology for students in Nursing or other allied health professions who will not be majoring in Biology. The course includes basic cellular chemistry and genetics, as well as a survey of topics of clinical importance. Fall and Spring.
Prerequisite:
(BIOL 105 Minimum Grade: C- or TRAN GBIO Minimum Grade: T) and BIOL 105L Minimum Grade: C- and (CHEM 101 Minimum Grade: C- or TRAN GCHM Minimum Grade: T)
Concurrent:
BIOL 170L
BIOL 170L Intro to Microbiology Lab
1.00 credit
An introduction to methods of microbial analysis including the culture, safe handling, and genetic analysis of microbes. Taken concurrently with BIOL 170.
Concurrent:
BIOL 170
BIOL 181 Biological Systems
2.00 credits
This course provides an exploration of the basic systems in biology from plants to animals and from cells to ecosystems for non-science majors. Additionally, this course provides elementary teacher candidates with the basic content knowledge needed to teach life science at the elementary school level. Lab is required. Fall.
Concurrent:
BIOL 181L
BIOL 181L Biological Systems Lab
1.00 credit
Taken concurrently with BIOL 181.
Concurrent:
BIOL 181
BIOL 190 Special Topics
.00- 3.00 credits
Topic to be determined by instructor.
BIOL 193 FYS:
3.00 credits
The First-Year Seminar (FYS) introduces new Gonzaga students to the University, the Core Curriculum, and Gonzaga’s Jesuit mission and heritage. While the seminars will be taught by faculty with expertise in particular disciplines, topics will be addressed in a way that illustrates approaches and methods of different academic disciplines. The seminar format of the course highlights the participatory character of university life, emphasizing that learning is an active, collegial process.
BIOL 199 Investigations in Biology
2.00 credits
Designed for non-science majors; this fulfills the core Scientific Inquiry requirement. Lectures and laboratory sessions emphasize science as an inquiry based process. Laboratory is required when offered.
Concurrent:
BIOL 199L
BIOL 199L Investigations in Biology Lab
1.00 credit
Taken concurrently with BIOL 199.
Concurrent:
BIOL 199
BIOL 205 Physiology & Biodiversity
3.00 credits
This course focuses on understanding the diversity of life on earth and the physiological mechanisms that allow organisms to live in a wide array of environments. A framework of physiology is used to compare and contrast clades of organisms. A prerequisite for most upper division biology elective courses, and a pre-requisite for BIOL 499. Fall.
Prerequisite:
BIOL 105 Minimum Grade: C- and BIOL 105L Minimum Grade: C- and BIOL 106 Minimum Grade: C-
Concurrent:
BIOL 205L
BIOL 205L Physiology & Biodiversity Lab
1.00 credit
Students are introduced to the diversity of organisms and physiological processes that allow organisms to live in a wide array of environments.
Concurrent:
BIOL 205
BIOL 206 Ecology
3.00 credits
This course examines the ecological and evolutionary mechanisms that determine the distribution and abundance of species. Students will explore interactions between organisms and their environments at levels from individuals through ecosystems. A pre-requisite for most upper division biology elective courses, and a pre-requisite for BIOL 499. Must be taken Sophomore or Junior year, and cannot be taken Senior year. Spring.
Prerequisite:
BIOL 105 Minimum Grade: C- and BIOL 105L Minimum Grade: C- and BIOL 106 Minimum Grade: C-
Concurrent:
BIOL 206L
BIOL 206L Ecology Lab
1.00 credit
Field and laboratory experiments are used to investigate ecological mechanisms that determine the distribution and abundance of species. Taken concurrently with BIOL 206.
Concurrent:
BIOL 206
BIOL 207 Genetics
3.00 credits
This course promotes an understanding of genes and genomes – their molecular properties, how they are expressed and regulated, how they contribute to inheritance, and how they are shaped by evolutionary forces. A pre-requisite for most upper division biology elective courses and a pre-requisite for BIOL 499. Fall and Spring.
Prerequisite:
BIOL 105 Minimum Grade: C- and BIOL 105L Minimum Grade: C- and BIOL 106 Minimum Grade: C-
Concurrent:
BIOL 207L
BIOL 207L Genetics Lab
1.00 credit
This course provides students with hands-on experimental investigations of molecular mechanisms in genetics. Taken concurrently with BIOL 207.
Concurrent:
BIOL 207
BIOL 290 Directed Readings
1.00- 3.00 credits
Topic to be determined by faculty.
BIOL 295 Science Outreach
.00 credits
The Biology and Chemistry/Biochemistry departments run a variety of outreach programs that include class visits, field trip tours, special summer programs and more. All of our programs strive to engage participants with opportunities for hands-on scientific discovery and inspiration. Fall and Spring.
Equivalent:
CHEM 295 - OK if taken since Spring 2013
Upper Division
BIOL 301L Cell Techniques Lab
2.00 credits
This course is an intensive introduction to methods of analysis of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell structure, composition, and behavior. Microscopy (brightfield and fluorescence), protein studies, enzyme kinetics, bacterial growth, cell signaling, and development are just some of the areas of research students will be exposed to. This course will also be scientific writing and reading intensive, developing student expertise in these critical areas in the field of biological research. Offered upon sufficient demand. Pre-requisite: CHEM 230 and CHEM 230L and BIOL 106, minimum grade: C- and (BIOL 205, minimum grade: C- or BIOL 207, minimum grade: C-)
BIOL 303 Population Ecology
3.00 credits
An in-depth look at the interactions that control the distribution and abundance of organisms at the population level. Topics such as life-history strategies, population dynamics, competition, predation, parasitism, and mutualism will be explored through the research literature, and quantitative approaches. Fall, even years.
Prerequisite:
BIOL 106 Minimum Grade: C- and BIOL 206 Minimum Grade: C-
Equivalent:
ENVS 401 - OK if taken since Fall 2022
BIOL 303L Population Ecology Laboratory
1.00 credit
Taken concurrently with BIOL 303 when the laboratory is offered.
Concurrent:
BIOL 303
BIOL 304 Practice in Laboratory Teachng
1.00- 2.00 credits
Students gain teaching experience by assisting laboratory instructors as a teaching assistant (TA) in a laboratory course. Duties may include laboratory set-up, in-class mentoring, grading, and quiz preparation. May be repeated. A maximum of two credits may be applied to Biology electives. Usually limited to students who have earned an A or B in the lecture portion of the course for which the student is a candidate to TA the laboratory. By permission only. Fall and Spring.
Prerequisite:
BIOL 106 Minimum Grade: C-
BIOL 305 Biological Data Analysis
4.00 credits
An applied study of statistical methods used to investigate biological questions. Emphasis will be on applications using software to investigate biological data sets generated by student and instructor research. The course will survey descriptive statistics, sampling, experimental design, estimation, hypothesis testing, and model building (e.g. analysis of variance, regression, multivariate). This course does not fulfill the University Core Math requirement. Spring, odd years. Pre-requisite: BIOL 106, minimum grade: C- and (BIOL 205, minimum grade: C- or BIOL 206, minimum grade: C- or BIOL 207, minimum grade: C-)
BIOL 313 Animal Behavior
3.00 credits
This course explores how behavioral processes affect ecological patterns. The behavioral adaptations of animals to their environment including the evolution of behavior, foraging, competition for resources, reproductive ecology, mating systems, parental care, and cooperative behavior. Fall, odd years. Pre-requisite: BIOL 106, minimum grade: C- and BIOL 205, minimum grade: C- and BIOL 206, minimum grade: C-.
BIOL 313L Animal Behavior Lab
1.00 credit
Taken concurrently with BIOL 313 when the laboratory is offered.
Concurrent:
BIOL 313
BIOL 323 Conservation Biology
3.00 credits
This course covers the biological concepts important for the conservation of natural populations, communities, and ecosystems. Both theoretical and empirical studies will be applied to such topics as: the genetics and ecology of small populations, consequences of habitat fragmentation, the impact of introduced species, and the ecological value of biological diversity. Spring. Pre-requisite: BIOL 106, minimum grade: C- and (BIOL 206, minimum grade: C- or BIOL 207, minimum grade: C-).
Equivalent:
ENVS 303 - OK if taken since Fall 2017
BIOL 323L Conservation Biology Lab
1.00 credit
This laboratory includes field trips. Taken concurrently with BIOL 323.
Concurrent:
BIOL 323
Equivalent:
ENVS 303L - OK if taken since Fall 2017
BIOL 330 Invertebrate Biology
4.00 credits
An examination of the major invertebrate phyla, including an overview of the structural and functional characteristics of each group. The evolutionary relationships between various invertebrate groups will also be examined. Emphasis will be placed on the interaction of marine species with their environment. Taught in a combined lecture/laboratory format. Offered upon sufficient demand. Pre-requisite: BIOL 106, minimum grade: C- and BIOL 205, minimum grade: C-.
BIOL 331 Parasitology
3.00 credits
Explores the medical, physiological, ecological, and historical effects of parasites. The course concentrates on human parasites and ranges from viruses and bacteria through helminthes and arthropods. Fall. Pre-requisite: BIOL 106, minimum grade: C- and BIOL 205, minimum grade: C- and BIOL 206, minimum grade: C-.
BIOL 331L Parasitology Lab
1.00 credit
Taken concurrently with BIOL 331 when laboratory is offered.
Concurrent:
BIOL 331
BIOL 333 Community Ecology
3.00 credits
Community ecology seeks to explain the underlying mechanisms that create, maintain, and determine the fate of biological communities. Typically, patterns are documented by observation, and used to generate hypotheses about processes, which are tested. Integrating theory with real world observations is fundamental to community ecology and will be a focus of this class.
Prerequisite:
BIOL 106 Minimum Grade: C- and BIOL 206 Minimum Grade: C-
Equivalent:
BIOL 343 - OK if taken between Fall 2009 and Summer 2023
ENVS 407 - OK if taken since Fall 2023
BIOL 334 Advanced Evolution
3.00 credits
An in-depth study of the mechanisms responsible for the diversity of life on earth. Topics covered include speciation, adaptation, systematics, extinction, natural selection, genetic drift, mutation, and gene flow. Examples are chosen from all types of organisms. This course may be repeated once as long as the content is different than the first occurrence of enrollment. Spring, odd years. Pre-requisite: BIOL 106, minimum grade: C- and BIOL 205, minimum grade: C- and BIOL 206, minimum grade: C-.
BIOL 335 Advanced Genetics:
3.00 credits
An advanced study of genetics within the context of a selected topic in biology. Past topics have included an examination of human race and racism and the study of genomes. This course may be repeated once as long as the content is different than the first occurrence of enrollment. Spring, even years. Pre-requisite: BIOL 106, minimum grade: C- and BIOL 207, minimum grade: C-.
BIOL 335L Adv Genetics Lab
1.00 credit
Taken concurrently with BIOL 335 when laboratory is offered.
Concurrent:
BIOL 335
BIOL 337 Developmental Biology
3.00 credits
A study of the principles and mechanisms that underlie the development of plants and animals, using approaches that integrate cell biology, genetics, molecular biology, and evolution. Spring, odd years. Pre-requisite: BIOL 106, minimum grade: C- and BIOL 205, minimum grade: C- and BIOL 206, minimum grade: C- and BIOL 207, minimum grade: C-.
BIOL 337L Developmental Biology Lab
1.00 credit
Taken concurrently with BIOL 337.
Concurrent:
BIOL 337
BIOL 338 Histology
3.00 credits
A study of the microscopic structure of animal (mostly mammalian) tissues and organs. Topics include: histology, cytology, and microscopic anatomy as exemplified in animal tissue. Material will emphasize the relationship between structure and function in tissues and organs. Fall.
Concurrent:
BIOL 338L
BIOL 338L Histology Lab
1.00 credit
Labs will combine the study of tissue structure using a collection of prepared slides, and the processing and sectioning of tissue samples. Lab assignments will include the production of personal digital atlases. Taken concurrently with BIOL 338. Pre-requisite: BIOL 106, minimum grade: C- and BIOL 205, minimum grade: C- and BIOL 206, minimum grade: C- and BIOL 207, minimum grade: C-.
Concurrent:
BIOL 338
BIOL 340 Field Botany
3.00 credits
Course includes systematics of flowering plants, plant communities of the Inland Northwest, sight identification of major plant families and selected topics in plant ecology. A plant collection is required as well as a field project in the area of plant systematics or plant ecology. Two four-hour lectures/laboratory meetings per week and three, ten-hour field trips on Saturdays. Summer. Offered upon sufficient demand.
Concurrent:
BIOL 340L
BIOL 340L Field Botany Lab
1.00 credit
Taken concurrently with BIOL 340. Pre-requisite: BIOL 106, minimum grade: C- and BIOL 205, minimum grade: C- and BIOL 206, minimum grade: C-.
Concurrent:
BIOL 340
BIOL 341 Human Physiology
3.00 credits
Examines the function of human physiological systems including: metabolic, nervous, cardiovascular, respiratory, renal, muscular, and immunological. Systems are examined through case studies focused on human disease and human performance. Spring, odd years.
Concurrent:
BIOL 341L
BIOL 341L Human Physiology Lab
1.00 credit
Taken concurrently with BIOL 341. May require weekend field trips. Pre-requisite: BIOL 106, minimum grade: C- and BIOL 205, minimum grade: C- and BIOL 206, minimum grade: C-.
Concurrent:
BIOL 341
BIOL 343 Plant Community Ecology
3.00 credits
This class meets with and covers the same topics as BIOL 333 (Community Ecology), but is designed for biology majors who need a plant ecology-focused course. Students will explore the theories and experimental evidence of community ecology and conduct ecology projects with a specific focus on plant processes. Fall, odd years. Offered upon sufficient demand.
Prerequisite:
BIOL 106 Minimum Grade: C- and BIOL 206 Minimum Grade: C-
Equivalent:
BIOL 333 - OK if taken since Fall 2009
BIOL 344 GIS & Ecological Techniques
3.00 credits
This course will introduce students to geographic information systems (GIS) and focus on how GIS can be used to address research and management questions in ecology. Students will use existing GIS databases from area resource agencies and learn how to create new GIS databases from field exercises. Field techniques will include vegetation sampling, small mammal trapping, amphibian/reptile monitoring, distance sampling, wildlife habitat assessment, and mapping exercises using compass and global position systems (GPS). Spring, even years.
Prerequisite:
BIOL 106 Minimum Grade: C- and BIOL 206 Minimum Grade: C-
Concurrent:
BIOL 344L
BIOL 344L GIS & Ecological TechniquesLab
1.00 credit
Taken concurrently with BIOL 344.
Concurrent:
BIOL 344
BIOL 351 Advanced Cell Biology
3.00 credits
An advanced study of cell structure and function with an emphasis on selected topics in cell biology. Topics vary with instructor, but may include cell signaling, cell cycle, plant cells, and the cell biology of cancer. Spring. Pre-requisite: BIOL 106, minimum grade: C- and BIOL 207, minimum grade: C- and CHEM 230, minimum grade: C-.
Concurrent:
BIOL 351L
BIOL 351L Advanced Cell Biology Lab
1.00 credit
Taken concurrently with BIOL 351 when laboratory is offered.
Concurrent:
BIOL 351
BIOL 357 Principles of Wildlife Mgmt
3.00 credits
The ecology, theory, methods, and philosophy of wildlife management emphasizing game, nongame, and endangered species. Students gain an understanding of the roles and responsibilities of various government agencies and non-governmental organizations. Fall, even years. Pre-requisite: BIOL 106, minimum grade: C- and ( BIOL 206, minimum grade: C- or BIOL 207, minimum grade: C-).
Concurrent:
BIOL 357L
Equivalent:
ENVS 387 - OK if taken since Fall 2020
BIOL 357L Wildlife Management Lab
1.00 credit
This laboratory includes field trips. Taken concurrently with BIOL 357.
Concurrent:
BIOL 357
Equivalent:
ENVS 387L - OK if taken since Fall 2020
BIOL 359 Studies in Biodiversity
1.00 credit
This course is a continuation of BIOL 359L Field Studies in Biodiversity. Research projects initiated in the field in BIOL 359L will be concluded with further library research, completion of a scientific article, and presentation of the research at a local or regional meeting. Fall.
Prerequisite:
BIOL 359L Minimum Grade: D
Equivalent:
BIOL 159 - OK if taken since Summer 1 2008
BIOL 359L Field Studies in Biodiversity
3.00 credits
This course uses a field experience as a backdrop to learn about evolutionary, ecological and biogeographical processes that determine the ranges and biodiversity of organisms. The course begins with class work on the Gonzaga campus and is followed by 3-4 weeks in the field, where Gonzaga faculty and local experts will mentor students. Field locations vary by year and include Ecuador, Zambia, or domestic locations. This course is designed for students majoring or minoring in biology. The class meets together with students enrolled in BIOL 159L for non-science majors. Students are required to enroll in BIOL 359, Studies in Biodiversity, the semester after enrolling in BIOL 359L. Summer. Pre-requisite: BIOL 106, minimum grade: C- and (BIOL 205, minimum grade: C- or BIOL 206, minimum grade: C-).
Equivalent:
BIOL 159L - OK if taken since Spring 2015
BIOL 360 Plant Biology
3.00 credits
This course acquaints students with the evolution, structure, development and functions of plant cells, tissues and organs. Fall, even years.
Concurrent:
BIOL 360L
BIOL 360L Plant Biology Lab
1.00 credit
This laboratory includes field trips. Taken concurrently with BIOL 360. Pre-requisite: BIOL 106, minimum grade: C- and BIOL 205, minimum grade: C- and BIOL 206, minimum grade: C-
Concurrent:
BIOL 360
BIOL 367 Entomology
3.00 credits
This course introduces students to the scientific study of insects. Topics will include insect identification, diversity, behavior, anatomy, ecology, and applied entomology. Fall, odd years. Pre-requisite: BIOL 106, minimum grade: C- and BIOL 205, minimum grade: C- and BIOL 206, minimum grade: C-
Concurrent:
BIOL 367L
Equivalent:
ENVS 406 - OK if taken since Fall 2022
BIOL 367L Entomology Lab
1.00 credit
This laboratory includes field trips. Taken concurrently with BIOL 367.
Concurrent:
BIOL 367
Equivalent:
ENVS 406L - OK if taken since Fall 2022
BIOL 370 Microbiology
3.00 credits
A study of the fundamental factors involved in microbiology including basic microbial morphology, taxonomy, biochemistry, genetics, and culture techniques. Fall and Spring
Concurrent:
BIOL 370L
BIOL 370L Microbiology Lab
1.00 credit
Taken concurrently with BIOL 370. Pre-requisite(s): BIOL 106, minimum grade: C- and BIOL 207, minimum grade: C- and CHEM 230, minimum grade: C-
Concurrent:
BIOL 370
BIOL 371 Vertebrate Biology & Anatomy
3.00 credits
Vertebrate diversity, structure and function from an evolutionary perspective. Topics covered will include development, physiology, ecology, behavior and conservation. Spring.
Concurrent:
BIOL 371L
BIOL 371L Vertebrate Biol & Anatomy Lab
1.00 credit
Taken concurrently with BIOL 371. Pre-requisite: BIOL 106, minimum grade: C- and( BIOL 205, minimum grade: C- or BIOL 206, minimum grade: C- or BIOL 207, minimum grade: C-)
Concurrent:
BIOL 371
BIOL 374 Immunology
3.00 credits
An introduction to the cellular and molecular basis of the immune response. Topics will include structures and interactions of molecules in the immune system, generation of diversity in immune specificity, cellular immunology, and the basis of immunity and autoimmune diseases. Spring. Pre-requisite: BIOL 106, minimum grade: C- and BIOL 205, minimum grade: C- and BIOL 207, minimum grade: C- and CHEM 230, minimum grade: C-
BIOL 374L Immunology Lab
1.00 credit
Taken concurrently with BIOL 374 when laboratory is offered.
Concurrent:
BIOL 374
BIOL 375 Virology
3.00 credits
Viral evolution, replication, virus-host interactions, epidemiology, and lateral gene transfer are covered. Spring. Pre-requisite: BIOL 106, minimum grade: C- and BIOL 207, minimum grade: C- and CHEM 230, minimum grade: C-
BIOL 376 Cellular Neurophysiology
3.00 credits
This course provides an in-depth exploration of the cellular mechanisms underlying the functions of the nervous system. Topics covered include the electrical and chemical signaling properties of neurons, synaptic transmission, and neural plasticity. Students will also examine current research in the field of neurophysiology and develop an understanding of the relationship between cellular processes and behavior.
BIOL 380 Special Topics:
.00- 6.00 credits
This course may be repeated as long as the content is different than other occurrences of enrollment. If course is not taught by a Gonzaga faculty member, a limited number of credits can be applied to Biology electives: 5 for BS, 3 for BA, 1 for minor. Study abroad and School for Field Studies courses are examples. Pre-requisite: BIOL 205 or BIOL 206 or BIOL 207
BIOL 390 Directed Reading
1.00- 4.00 credits
Topic to be determined by instructor.
BIOL 395 Research Assistantship
.00 credits
Undergraduate research assistantships are opportunities for student to earn a stipend while performing independent research in the laboratory of a Biology or Chemistry & Biochemistry faculty member. By Department Chair permission only.
BIOL 399 Advanced Topic:
2.00 credits
An introduction to primary research literature on specific biological topics. Students will write a paper that has as its foundation primary literature. Students will utilize their oral communication skills to explain the background of a given biology topic and lead discussions of the primary literature. Topics will vary. Course should be taken Junior year and must be completed with a C- grade or better prior to taking BIOL 499. Pre-requisites vary depending on topic. Course can only be repeated with permission from the Biology Department Chair. Fall and Spring. Pre-requisite: BIOL 106, minimum grade: C- and (BIOL 205 minimum grade: C- or BIOL 206, minimum grade: C- or BIOL 207, minimum grade: C-) and (BIOL 205L, minimum grade: C- or BIOL 206L, minimum grade: C- or BIOL 207L, minimum grade: C-)
BIOL 403 Marine Biology
3.00 credits
Students will explore the biology of marine systems. Topics will include atmospheric and climate modeling, fluid dynamics, physiology, evolution of diversity, ecology, molecular biology, economics, and environmental science. Offered upon sufficient demand. Pre-requisite: BIOL 106, minimum grade: C- and BIOL 205, minimum grade: C- and BIOL 206, minimum grade: C-
Concurrent:
BIOL 403L
Equivalent:
ENVS 403 - OK if taken since Fall 2022
BIOL 403L Marine Biology Lab
1.00 credit
Taken concurrently with BIOL 403 when laboratory is offered.
Concurrent:
BIOL 403
BIOL 404 Freshwater Biology
3.00 credits
An introduction the physical, chemical, geological, and human factors which influence freshwater organisms and their communities. After completion of the course students will be competent in application of ecological concepts to freshwater systems and to understand the impacts of human activities on freshwater ecosystems. Equivalent: ENVS 408 Co-requisite: BIOL 404L
Prerequisite:
BIOL 206 Minimum Grade: C- and BIOL 206L Minimum Grade: C-
Concurrent:
BIOL 404L
Equivalent:
ENVS 408 - OK if taken since Fall 2023
BIOL 404L Freshwater Biology Lab
1.00 credit
Taken concurrently with BIOL 404. Lab will emphasize field techniques, sample identification, and scientific inquiry. Equivalent: ENVS 408L Co-requisite: BIOL 404
Prerequisite:
BIOL 206 Minimum Grade: C- and BIOL 206L Minimum Grade: C-
Concurrent:
BIOL 404
Equivalent:
ENVS 408L - OK if taken since Fall 2023
BIOL 405L Advanced Phage Research Lab
1.00 credit
This course provides students with the opportunity to pursue research on bacterial viruses, or bacteriophages. Students will work independently or in small teams to address questions chosen collaboratively by the students and the instructor. The course is aimed at students who are interested in molecular biology or bioinformatics research and those seeking additional experience in a research setting. Interested students should contact the instructor prior to registration to plan a research proposal. This course may be taken up to four times with Department Chair permission. Fall and Spring. Offered upon sufficient demand. Pre-requisite: BIOL 105L and (BIOL 106 or BIOL 207) and BIOL 207L
BIOL 420 Physiological Ecology
3.00 credits
This course will examine the interactions between organismal function and the physical environment. Topics include: physiological and evolutionary adaptations to extreme environments (high altitudes, deep oceans, and deserts), physiological determinants of patterns of diversity, limits to performance and environmental tolerance, and physiological responses to climate change. Fall, even years. Pre-requisite(s): BIOL 205, minimum grade: C- and BIOL 206, minimum grade: C-
BIOL 425 Ecotoxicology
3.00 credits
This course provides an overview of pollutants in different environments, their movement through these environments, and the effects these pollutants have on organisms at the molecular, cellular, individual, population, and ecosystem levels. Numerous case studies on specific aspects of environmental toxicology in the US will be examined throughout the course. Students will also be introduced to how toxicology is linked to environmental policies, climate change, and environmental justice.
Concurrent:
BIOL 425L
Equivalent:
ENVS 409 - OK if taken since Fall 2023
BIOL 425L Ecotoxicology Lab
1.00 credit
Taken concurrently with BIOL 425L. Labs will focus on methodology, instrumentation, data analyses, and writing scientific reports.
Concurrent:
BIOL 425
Equivalent:
ENVS 409L - OK if taken since Fall 2023
BIOL 432 CIS:
3.00 credits
The Core Integration Seminar (CIS) engages the Year Four Question: “Imagining the possible: What is our role in the world?” by offering students a culminating seminar experience in which students integrate the principles of Jesuit education, prior components of the Core, and their disciplinary expertise. Each section of the course will focus on a problem or issue raised by the contemporary world that encourages integration, collaboration, and problem solving. The topic for each section of the course will be proposed and developed by each faculty member in a way that clearly connects to the Jesuit Mission, to multiple disciplinary perspectives, and to our students’ future role in the world. Pre-requisite: (PHIL 301 or RELI 276 or RELI 330 or RELI 331) and World and Comparative Religion
BIOL 440 Biochemistry I
3.00 credits
Lectures on the structure and function of the major classes of biomolecules (carbohydrates, proteins, and nucleic acids) with an emphasis on proteins and enzymology. The central metabolic pathways of glycolysis, gluconeogenesis, and the citric acid cycle are discussed from a mechanistic, energetic, and regulatory viewpoint. Offered upon sufficient demand. Pre-requisite: BIOL 207, minimum grade: C- and CHEM 231, minimum grade: C-
BIOL 441 Advanced Physiology
3.00 credits
Physiological mechanisms, processes and responses of animals. Physical, chemical and biochemical principles common to physiological systems, such as respiration, excretion, and metabolism, will be covered. Goals of the course are to reveal the mechanisms, adaptive significance, and evolution of physiological systems using a comparative approach. This course may be repeated once as long as the content is different than the first occurrence of enrollment. Fall, odd years. Pre-requisite: BIOL 106, minimum grade: C- and BIOL 205, minimum grade: C-
BIOL 441L Advanced Physiology Lab
1.00 credit
Taken concurrently with BIOL 441 when laboratory is offered.
Concurrent:
BIOL 441
BIOL 443L Biochemistry Laboratory I
2.00 credits
An investigation of the techniques used to examine biomolecules and biochemical systems. Students perform integrated laboratory experiments in biochemistry. Offered upon sufficient demand.
Prerequisite:
BIOL 440 Minimum Grade: D or CHEM 440 Minimum Grade: D
BIOL 445 Biochemistry II
3.00 credits
Continuation of BIOL 440, including an examination of the primary processes of cellular energy production, oxidative phosphorylation and photosynthesis. The major metabolic pathways of carbohydrates, lipids, amino acids and nucleotides are covered. Offered upon sufficient demand.
Prerequisite:
BIOL 440 Minimum Grade: D
BIOL 451 Comparative Endocrinology
3.00 credits
A comparative study of the structure and function of hormones across a wide variety of taxa (emphasizing vertebrates), including secretion and regulation of hormones, mechanisms of action, and integration of hormones into biological processes. Spring, even years.
Concurrent:
BIOL 451L
BIOL 451L Comparative Endocrinology Lab
1.00 credit
Taken concurrently with BIOL 451 when laboratory is offered. Pre-requisite: BIOL 106, minimum grade: C- and BIOL 205, minimum grade: C- and BIOL 206, minimum grade: C- and BIOL 207, minimum grade: C-
Concurrent:
BIOL 451
BIOL 456 Molecular Biology
3.00 credits
This course explores experimental strategies and techniques for discovering how genes function at the molecular level. The course integrates genetics and biochemistry focusing especially on the relationship between DNA, RNA and protein. Fall.
Concurrent:
BIOL 456L
BIOL 456L Molecular Biology Lab
1.00 credit
Labs focus on the construction, manipulation, and analysis of recombinant DNA molecules. Taken concurrently with BIOL 456.
Concurrent:
BIOL 456
BIOL 484 Research Seminar
1.00 credit
This class is designed to expose students to various areas of biology research and to the different communication forms of that research. Graduate school is a fundamental part of the biology research pathway and therefore this course will help students to become familiar with the graduate school process. The format of the class will include seminars and class meetings. Fall and Spring. Pre-requisite: BIOL 106, minimum grade: C- and (BIOL 205, minimum grade: C- or BIOL 206, minimum grade: C- or BIOL 207, minimum grade: C-)
BIOL 490 Directed Reading
1.00- 4.00 credits
Reading material will be selected by the student after consultation with a faculty member in the department. A maximum of six credits of any combination of BIOL 390, BIOL 490, BIOL 496, and BIOL 498 can be applied to Biology electives. By permission only. Pre-requisite: BIOL 106, minimum grade: C- and BIOL 205, minimum grade: C- and BIOL 206, minimum grade: C- and BIOL 207, minimum grade: C-
BIOL 495 Senior Evaluation
.00 credits
Required of all majors. Students will take the Major Field Test in Biology in their senior year. Students must score at or above the 20th percentile to pass the course. Fall and Spring.
Concurrent:
BIOL 499
BIOL 496 Biological Resch Techniques
1.00- 3.00 credits
An introduction to some of the experimental techniques used in biological research. Course content will vary by instructor. A maximum of six credits of any combination of BIOL 490, BIOL 496, and BIOL 498 can be applied to Biology electives. Offered upon sufficient demand. Pre-requisite: BIOL 106 , minimum grade: C- and BIOL 205, minimum grade: C- and BIOL 206, minimum grade: C- and BIOL 207, minimum grade: C-
BIOL 497 Biology Internship
.00- 6.00 credits
Professional work experience in a biology-related field. Students are responsible for arranging placement opportunities, and gaining approval from a supervising faculty member in the Biology department. This course does not satisfy any requirements for the Biology major or minor. Satisfactory /Unsatisfactory grading only.
BIOL 498 Undergraduate Research
.00- 6.00 credits
This course provides the motivated student with the opportunity to conduct an independent research project under the direction of a Biology Department faculty member. A maximum of six credits of any combination of BIOL 390, BIOL 490, BIOL 496, and BIOL 498 can be applied to Biology electives. Fall and Spring. Pre-requisite: BIOL 106, minimum grade: C- and BIOL 205, minimum grade: C- and BIOL 206, minimum grade: C- and BIOL 207, minimum grade: C-
BIOL 499 Senior Colloquium
1.00 credit
Required of all majors. This course meets once per week to discuss biological issues relevant to society. Students must complete all 200-level major requirements and BIOL 399 with C- grades or better to take this senior level course. Taken concurrently with BIOL 495. Fall and Spring. Pre-requisite: BIOL 106, minimum grade: C- and BIOL 205, minimum grade: C- and BIOL 205L, minimum grade: C- and BIOL 206, minimum grade: C- and BIOL 206L, minimum grade: C- and BIOL 207, minimum grade: C- and BIOL 207L, minimum grade: C- and BIOL 399, minimum grade: C-.
Concurrent:
BIOL 495
 
Second Language Competency

Competency in a second language (classical or modern) at the intermediate level (courses numbered 201) is required for students continuing in the study of a language. Students beginning study in a language they have not previously studied can fulfill the requirement by completing one year at the beginning level (courses numbered 101-102). Non-native speakers of English who have completed the required English core credits at Gonzaga may petition the Associate Dean of Arts and Sciences for a waiver of this requirement.

Additional information on this requirement can be found at

Language Requirement Information