TADP 641 Power System Analysis

Course Information:  3 credits. TADP 641 - Power System Analysis. The course will begin with a review of basic concepts of power systems, their components and how they are inter-related. Then an overview to the topology and players of the North American power grid will be covered. The main portion of the course will refer to modeling of power systems, short circuit calculations, and load flow algorithms and methods. Students will learn how to apply these fields with theory and case studies in topics such as voltage regulation, VAR control, and relay setting and coordination. The course will wrap up with a brief segment on harmonic analysis and filter design.

Course Description/Objectives: 

Week 1: Power system general review and current situation

Students will learn the components of an electric power system and how they are inter-related.  They will be able to identify how the North American power grid is structured and the main areas in which it has been divided by the NERC.

Week 2: Power System modeling

Students will learn how to model the elements that make up a power system in order to carry out the different type of studies like load flow, short circuit, transient stability, harmonics and other relevant studies.

Week 3: Fault types and short circuit calculations

Students will learn about nature of faults, how they are classified, and concepts of symmetrical components. They will be able to calculate short circuit voltages and currents when symmetrical and asymmetrical faults occur. They will be encouraged to do hand calculations as well as how to use state of the art software packages.

Week 4: Load flow concepts

Students will learn basic load flow concepts-of Power Systems and the different algorithms to solve them. They will be able to use software program to analyze load flow scenarios and find out measures to improve the operation condition of power systems.

Week 5: Voltage regulation and VAR control

Students will learn voltage regulation and gain an understanding of VAR control using components to improve power factor and voltage profile of any power system. Solutions increasing VAR generation, location of capacitors, operation of load tap changers and voltage regulators will be examined.

Week 6: Electrical relays and protection coordination

Students will gain a basic overview of electric relays and system protection. The most important types of relays for the protection of generators, transformers, motors, busbars and lines will be examined. They will be able to get criteria and perform calculations to achieve proper relay coordination throughout an entire system and in particular related to overcurrent and distance protection.

Week 7: Harmonic analysis and filter design

Students will gain a basic understanding of harmonics and ways to measure and calculate them.  They will also be able to perform basic calculations to design filter to eliminate undesirable harmonics present in the system.