Definitions

The following are definitions of terms used in the Cancellation Information section:

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Children and youth with disabilities. Children and youth from ages 3 through 21, inclusive, who require special education and related services because they have disabilities as defined in section 602(3) of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act.

Section 602(3) defines "a child with a disability" as one with mental retardation, hearing impairments (including deafness), speech or language impairments, visual impairments (including blindness), serious emotional disturbance, orthopedic impairments, autism, traumatic brain injury, other health impairments, or specific learning disabilities who, by reason thereof, needs special education and related services.

The term children and youth with disabilities may also include, at a state's discretion, individuals aged 3 through 9 who (1) are experiencing developmental delays, as defined by the State and as measured by appropriate instruments and procedures, in one or more of the following areas: physical development, cognitive development, communication development, social or emotional development or adaptive development; OR (2) require special education and related services due to developmental delays.

Early intervention services. Those services defined in section 632(4) of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act that are provided to infants and toddlers with disabilities.

High-risk children. Individuals under the age of 21 who are low-income and at risk of abuse or neglect, have been abused or neglected, have serious emotional, mental, or behavioral disturbances, reside in placements outside their homes, or are involved in the juvenile justice system.

Infants and toddlers with disabilities. Infants and toddlers under age 3, inclusive, who need early intervention services for specified reasons, as defined in section 632(5)(A) of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act.

The Act defined infants and toddlers with disabilities as those who are (1) experiencing developmental delays as measured by the appropriate diagnostic instruments and procedures in one or more of the areas of cognitive development, social or emotional development and adaptive development or (2) have diagnosed physical or mental conditions which have a high probability of resulting in developmental delay.

The term infants and toddlers with disabilities may also include, at a state's discretion, individuals from birth to age two, inclusive, who are at risk of having substantial developmental delays if early intervention services are not provided.

Low-income communities. Communities in which there is a high concentration of children eligible to be counted under Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, as amended.

It is not necessary for you to be certified or licensed to receive cancellation benefits. However, your employing school must consider you to be a full-time professional for the purposes of salary, tenure, retirement benefits, etc. If you are a supervisor, administrator, researcher, or curriculum specialist, you are not considered a teacher unless you primarily provide direct and personal educational services to students. 

Medical Technician. An allied health professional (working in fields such as therapy, dental hygiene, medical technology, or nutrition) who is certified, registered, or licensed by the appropriate state agency in the state in which he or she provides health care services. An allied health professional is someone who assists, facilitates, or complements the work of physicians and other specialists in the health care system.

Nurse. A licensed practical nurse, a registered nurse, or other individual who is licensed by the appropriate state agency to provide nursing services.

Qualified professional provider of early intervention services. A provider of services, as defined in section 632 of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act.

Section 632 of that Act defines early intervention services as developmental services that:

  • are provided under public supervision;
  • are provided at no cost except where federal or state law provides for a system of payments by families, including a schedule of sliding fees;
  • are designed to meet the developmental needs of an infant or toddler with a disability in one or more of the following areas: physical development, cognitive development, communication development, social or emotional development, or adaptive development;
  • meet the standards of the state in which they are provided;
  • are provided by qualified personnel, including: special educators; speech and language pathologists and audiologists; occupational therapists; physical therapists; psychologists; social workers; nurses; nutritionists; family therapists; orientation and mobility specialists; and pediatricians and other physicians;
  • to the maximum extent appropriate, are provided in natural environments, including the home, and community settings in which children without disabilities participate;
  • are provided in conformity with an individualized family service plan adopted in accordance with Section 636 of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act.

Under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, early intervention services include: family training, counseling, and home visits; special instruction; speech-language pathology and audiology services; occupational therapy; physical therapy; psychological services; service coordination services; medical services only for diagnostic or evaluation purposes; early identification, screening and assessment services; health services necessary to enable the infant or toddler to benefit from the other early intervention services; social work services; vision services; assistive technology devices and services; and transportation and related costs necessary to enable infants, toddlers, and their families to receive other services identified in 632(4).

Teaching in a field of expertise. The majority of classes taught are in the borrower's field of expertise.

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