Chairperson: Scot Pettey, DNAP, CRNA, ARNP
Program Director: Scot Pettey, DNAP, CRNA, ARNP
Assistant Program Director: Brad Hemingway, DNAP, CRNA, ARNP
Clinical Director: John Weisbrod, MAE, CRNA, ARNP
The Doctor of Nurse Anesthesia Practice (DNAP) Program is designed for the registered nurse who wishes to assume a leadership role within the profession of nurse anesthesia. In addition to preparing students to be competent, skilled nurse anesthesia practitioners, it is the mission of the program to nurture and develop innovative, creative leaders for the advancement of the profession. The DNAP degree is a practice doctorate that provides DNAP students with robust clinical experiences gained through completing over 2800 clinical hours during the program. The Nurse Anesthesia Program is an integrated program; the first semester is primarily didactic, with clinical rotations beginning in the second semester.
Graduates of Gonzaga's DNAP program receive an evidence-based experience blending clinical anesthesia practice with leadership strategies. The curriculum of Gonzaga’s DNAP program builds on the extensive education of program participants. In addition to learning the practice of nurse anesthesia, candidates learn to engage in systems thinking to solve complex problems, translate evidence to improve health care practices and population health, lead quality improvement and change initiatives, and demonstrate effective intraprofessional collaboration in the nurse anesthesia field.
The DNAP Program is jointly owned and operated by Providence Sacred Heart Medical Center (dba Providence Health Care) and Gonzaga University. In addition to having clinical rotations at Providence Sacred Heart Medical Center and Children’s Hospital, students also have clinical experiences at Providence Holy Family Hospital, Providence Mount Carmel Hospital, Providence Regional Medical Center-Everett Colby Campus, Providence Regional Medical Center- Everett Pacific Campus, Mann-Grandstaff Veteran's Medical Center, Pullman Regional Hospital, Anaconda Community Hospital, Pleasant View Surgery Center, Kootenai Health, and Inland Northwest Anesthesia and Pain.
A current unencumbered, unrestricted license as a registered professional nurse and/or an APRN/ARNP in the United States or its territories or protectorates and ability to obtain a Washington State and Idaho State RN license.
A baccalaureate or graduate degree in nursing or an appropriate major from an accredited university.
Seven (7) life science courses. Some examples include, but are not limited to: chemistry, biochemistry, biology, microbiology, physiology, pathophysiology, and anatomy.
Two years of RN experience with a minimum of one year full-time work experience, or its part-time equivalent, as a registered nurse in a critical care setting at the time of the application deadline. The best critical care experience is obtained in a busy ICU, CICU, MICU, or SICU. The competencies desired are routine management of adult patients on ventilators, interpretation of advanced monitoring, and titration of vasoactive medications. Critical care experience must be within the past 3 years.
The Council on Accreditation of Nurse Anesthesia Education Programs (COA) defines critical care experience as:
"Critical care experience must be obtained in a critical care area within the United States, its territories or a US military hospital outside of the United States. During this experience, the registered professional nurse has developed critical decision making and psychomotor skills, competency in patient assessment, and the ability to use and interpret advanced monitoring techniques. A critical care area is defined as one where, on a routine basis, the registered professional nurse manages one or more of the following: invasive hemodynamic monitors (e.g., pulmonary artery, central venous pressure, and arterial catheters), cardiac assist devices, mechanical ventilation, and vasoactive infusions. Examples of critical care units may include but are not limited to: surgical intensive care, cardiothoracic intensive care, coronary intensive care, medical intensive care, pediatric intensive care, and neonatal intensive care."
3.0 minimum (3.2 preferred) overall grade point average with strong science grades.
CCRN certification is required and documentation is submitted as part of the application.
Recommended minimum 24 hours cumulative shadowing time with an anesthesia provider. (Submission of a document listing contact information of anesthesia provider(s) with whom the applicant shadowed, including the date, location, and total number of hours will be included with the application.)
Personal interviews with members of the admissions committee by invitation only.
Documentation of an earned bachelor’s degree from an accredited college or university.
One official transcript from every college, university and nursing school attended.
Three letters of recommendation are required
a. One recommendation must be from applicant’s immediate supervisor who is able to evaluate professional practice, leadership, interpersonal skills, communication, critical thinking and judgment.
b. The other two recommendations should be from professional colleagues who can evaluate the applicant’s professional practice, leadership, interpersonal skills, communication, critical thinking and judgment.
Evidence of current Registered Nurse license.
Current professional curriculum vitae/resume.
Evidence of CCRN Certification
Typewritten statement describing: (1-2 pages, double spaced)
a. Interest in Gonzaga’s DNAP program and what he/she hopes to gain from the degree.
b. Understanding of a nurse anesthetist's role in healthcare.
c. Reasons for pursuing a career as a nurse anesthetist and how your professional experiences have prepared you for the DNAP program.
d. Description of what evidence based practice means to you.
- $50 Application Fee
The last day to submit a complete application for the DNAP program is September 1st with classes beginning the following May.
- Attendance is required in all clinical and didactic courses.
- Hours of Duty
Didactic classes may be scheduled between 7:00 a.m. and 7:00 p.m. Evening classes or seminars are occasionally held. After the first semester, clinical duty begins at 6:00 a.m. During the second and third years of the program, students rotate to 3p-11p, 7a-7p, 7p-7a, as well as Saturday and Sunday 12 hour rotations. Clinical hours and expectations escalate in the program from an average of 16 hours of clinical to 44 hours. The maximum number of clinical and didactic hours allowed per week by the COA is 64.
- Academic Performance
The DNAP Program has program-specific grading policies. All courses must be completed with a 3.0 or higher grade. If a student earns a grade below a 3.0 in any course, he/she will be placed on probation. Subsequent or additional grades below a 3.0 are grounds for dismissal from the Nurse Anesthesia Program. Appeals will be in accordance with the Nurse Anesthesia Program appeal policy located in the DNAP Student Handbook; grade remediation is in accordance with individual instructors' grading policies.
Degree Requirements: 88 credits (3,342 clinical hours)
|1st Semester - Summer|
|DNAP 701 Basic Principles of Anesthesia I||3 credits|
|DNAP 711 Anatomy and Advanced Physiology I||3 credits|
|DNAP 721 Advanced Pharmacology I||3 credits|
|DNAP 731 Advanced Health Assessment||3 credits|
|2nd Semester - Fall|
|DNAP 702 Basic Principles of Anesthesia II||3 credits|
|DNAP 712 Anatomy and Advanced Physiology II||3 credits|
|DNAP 722 Advanced Pharmacology II||4 credits|
|DNAP 781 Clinical Practicum: I (108 clinical hours)||1 credit|
|3rd Semester - Spring|
|DNAP 703 Advanced Principles of Anesthesia – Regional Anesthesia||3 credits|
|DNAP 713 Advanced Pathophysiology||3 credits|
|DNAP 723 Advanced Pharmacology III||3 credits|
|DNAP 741 Chemistry and Physics of Anesthesia||2 credits|
|DNAP 782 Clinical Practicum: II (390 clinical hours)||1 credit|
|4th Semester - Summer|
|DNAP 704 Advanced Principles: Obstetric Anesthesia||3 credits|
|DNAP 755 Medical Ethics||3 credits|
|DNAP 761 Evidence-Based Practice in Anesthesia||3 credits|
|DNAP 783 Clinical Practicum: III (480 clinical hours)||2 credits|
|5th Semester - Fall|
|DNAP 705 Advanced Principles: Pediatric and Neonatal Anesthesia||3 credits|
|DNAP 754 Culture, Diversity and Health Care Policy||3 credits|
|DNAP 760 Leadership and Quality Improvement||3 credits|
|DNAP 784 Clinical Practicum: IV (480 clinical hours)||2 credits|
|6th Semester - Spring|
|DNAP 706 Advanced Principles: Neurosurgical and Thoracic Anesthesia||2 credits|
|DNAP 762 Research Methods and Design and Data Analysis||3 credits|
|DNAP 763 Capstone I: Project Design||2 credits|
|DNAP 785 Clinical Practicum: V (480 clinical hours)||2 credits|
|7th Semester - Summer|
|DNAP 707 Advanced Principles: Cardiac and Vascular Anesthesia||2 credits|
|DNAP 756 Law and Business for Anesthesia||3 credits|
|DNAP 764 Capstone II: Project Development||2 credits|
|DNAP 786 Clinical Practicum: VI (480 clinical hours)||2 credits|
|8th Semester - Fall|
|DNAP 708 Advanced Principles: Acute and Chronic Pain Management||2 credits|
|DNAP 765 Capstone III: Project Implementation||2 credits|
|DNAP 787 Clinical Practicum: VII (480 clinical hours)||2 credits|
|9th Semester - Spring|
|DNAP 709 Advanced Principles of Anesthesia: Integration||3 credits|
|DNAP 742 Crisis Management in Anesthesia||2 credits|
|DNAP 769 Oral Exam||0 credits|
|DNAP 788 Clinical Practicum: VIII (480 clinical hours)||2 credits|
In addition to their major and minor areas of study, all undergraduate students follow a common program designed to complete their education in those areas that the University considers essential for a Catholic, Jesuit, liberal, and humanistic education. The University Core Curriculum consists of forty-five credits of course work, with additional designation requirements that can be met through core, major, or elective courses.
The University Core Curriculum is a four-year program, organized around one overarching question, which is progressively addressed through yearly themes and questions. Hence, core courses are best taken within the year for which they are designated. First year core courses encourage intellectual engagement and provide a broad foundation of fundamental skills. Second and third year courses examine central issues and questions in philosophy and religious studies. The fourth year course, the Core Integration Seminar, offers a culminating core experience. Taken at any time throughout the four years, broadening courses intersect with the core themes and extend students’ appreciation for the humanities, arts, and social and behavioral sciences. Finally, the designation requirements (writing enriched, global studies, and social justice) reflect important values and reinforce students’ knowledge and competencies.
Overarching Core Question: As students of a Catholic, Jesuit, and Humanistic University, how do we educate ourselves to become women and men for a more just and humane global community?
Year 1 Theme and Question: Understanding and Creating: How do we pursue knowledge and cultivate understanding?
- The First-Year Seminar (DEPT 193, 3 credits): The First-Year Seminar (FYS), taken in the fall or spring of the first year, is designed to promote an intellectual shift in students as they transition to college academic life. Each small seminar is organized around an engaging topic, which students explore from multiple perspectives. The FYS is offered by many departments across the University (click here [PDF] for list of FYS courses).
- Writing (ENGL 101, 3 credits) and Reasoning (PHIL 101, 3 credits): The Writing and Reasoning courses are designed to help students develop the foundational skills of critical reading, thinking, analysis, and writing. They may be taken as linked sections. Writing (ENGL 101) carries one of the three required writing-enriched designations (see below).
- Communication & Speech (COMM 100, 3 credits): This course introduces students to interpersonal and small group communication and requires the application of critical thinking, reasoning, and research skills necessary to organize, write, and present several speeches.
- Scientific Inquiry (BIOL 104/104L, CHEM 104/104L, or PHYS 104/104L, 3 credits): This course explores the scientific process in the natural world through evidence-based logic and includes significant laboratory experience. Students pursuing majors that require science courses will satisfy this requirement through their major.
- Mathematics (above Math 100, 3 credits): Mathematics courses promote thinking according to the modes of the discipline—abstractly, symbolically, logically, and computationally. One course in mathematics, above Math 100, including any math course required for a major or minor, will fulfill this requirement. MATH 100 (College Algebra) and courses without the MATH prefix do not fulfill this requirement.
Year 2 Theme and Question: Being and Becoming: Who are we and what does it mean to be human?
- Philosophy of Human Nature (PHIL 201, 3 credits): This course provides students with a philosophical study of key figures, theories, and intellectual traditions that contribute to understanding the human condition; the meaning and dignity of human life; and the human relationship to ultimate reality.
- Christianity and Catholic Traditions (RELI, 3 credits). Religious Studies core courses approved for this requirement explore diverse topics including Christian scriptures, history, theology, and practices as well as major contributions from the Catholic intellectual and theological traditions (click here [PDF] for a list of approved courses) .
Year 3 Theme and Question: Caring and Doing: What principles characterize a well lived life?
- Ethics (PHIL 301 or RELI, 3 credits): The Ethics courses are designed to help students develop their moral imagination by exploring and explaining the reasons humans should care about the needs and interests of others. This requirement is satisfied by an approved ethics course in either Philosophy (PHIL 301) or Religious Studies (click here [PDF] for a list of approved courses).
- World/Comparative Religion (RELI, 3 credits): Religious Studies courses approved for this core requirement draw attention to the diversity that exists within and among traditions and encourage students to bring critical, analytical thinking to bear on the traditions and questions considered. These courses carries one of the required two global-studies designations (see below) (click here [PDF] for a list of approved courses).
Year 4 Theme and Question: Imagining the Possible: What is our role in the world?”
- Core Integration Seminar (DEPT 432, 3 credits). The Core Integration Seminar (CIS) offers students a culminating core experience in which they integrate the principles of Jesuit education, prior components of the core, and their disciplinary expertise. Some CIS courses may also count toward a student’s major or minor. The CIS is offered by several departments across the University (click here [PDF] for list of CIS courses).
The Broadening Courses
- Fine Arts & Design (VART, MUSC, THEA, 3 credits): Arts courses explore multiple ways the human experience can be expressed through creativity, including across different cultures and societies. One approved course in fine arts, music, theatre, or dance will fulfill this requirement (click here [PDF] for a list of approved courses).
- History (HIST, 3 credits): History courses are intended to develop students’ awareness of the historical context of both the individual and the collective human experience. One course in History (HIST 101, HIST 102, HIST 112, HIST 201, HIST 202) will fulfill this requirement.
- Literature (3 credits): Literature courses foster reflection on how literature engages with a range of human experience. One approved course in Literature (offered by English, Classics, or Modern Languages) will fulfill this requirement (click here [PDF] for a list of approved courses).
- Social & Behavioral Sciences (3 credits): Courses in the social and behavioral sciences engage students in studying human behavior, social systems, and social issues. One approved course offered by Criminal Justice, Economics, Political Science, Psychology, Sociology, or Women and Gender Studies will fulfill this requirement (click here [PDF] for a list of approved courses).
Designations are embedded within already existing core, major, minor, and elective courses. Students are encouraged to meet designation requirements within elective courses as their schedule allows; however, with careful planning students should be able to complete most of the designation requirements within other core, major, or minor courses.
- Writing Enriched (WE; 3 courses meeting this designation): Courses carrying the WE designation are designed to promote the humanistic and Jesuit pedagogical ideal of clear, effective communication. In addition to the required core course, Writing (ENGL 101), which carries one of the WE designations, students must take two other WE-designated courses (click here [PDF] for a list of approved courses).
- Global-Studies (GS; 2 courses meeting this designation): Courses carrying the GS designation are designed to challenge students to perceive and understand human diversity by exploring diversity within a context of constantly changing global systems. In addition to the required core course, World/Comparative Religion (RELI 300-level), which carries one of the GS designations, students must take one other GS-designated course (click here [PDF] for a list of approved courses).
- Social-Justice (SJ; 1 course meeting this designation): Courses carrying the SJ designation are designed to introduce students to one or more social justice concerns. Students must take one course that meets the SJ designation (click here [PDF] for a list of approved courses).
Major-specific adaptations to the University Core Curriculum
All Gonzaga students, regardless of their major, will complete the University Core Curriculum requirements. However some Gonzaga students will satisfy certain core requirements through major-specific programs or courses. Any major-specific adaptations to the core are described with the requirements for the majors to which they apply.