Glossary of Terms

In order to discuss these topics, we must first define them. Below are definitions, framed by Gonzaga, of major terminology: 

Diversity & Inclusion

  • The promotion, integration, and celebration of varying individual and group/social differences which advance the value placed on the dignity of the human person through holistic living, learning, and working environments,
  • The active practice of creating a sense of belonging for all individuals with respect to each person's values and traditions, beliefs, backgrounds, and ways of being.
  • The intentional and ongoing engagement with diversity in people, in the (co-)curriculum, and in communities to serve the common good.


  • The recognition that diversity and equality may not exist institutionally.
  • The commitment to implement strategies and policies that create equal opportunity for power, ability, achievement, and excellence for all community members, in three main areas:
    • Representational Equity: Proportional participation at all levels of the institution.
    • Resource Equity: Distribution of educational resources in order to close equity gaps.
    • Equity Consciousness: The awareness, willingness, and demonstration to address equity issues regarding historically underrepresented and/or traditionally marginalized communities.

Cultural Fluency

The infinite capability to understand and adapt behavior to cultural difference and commonality. It involves three components:

  • Cultural Self-Awareness (Knowledge): Deep understanding of your values, beliefs, perceptions, behavior, and practices.
  • Cultural Other-Awareness (Attitudes): Empathy towards the experience of others from different cultural communities.
  • Adaptations (Skills and Behaviors): Behavioral shifting to accompany across various cultural differences.