Modern Languages and Literature

Chairperson: Martha Gonzales

Professor: G. Brooke, B. Semple
Associate Professors:
L. Garcia-Torvisco, M. Gonzales, F. Kuester (Emerita), S. Nedderman
Assistant Professors:
B. Boyer, T. Haaland, R. Stephanis, R. Marquis
Senior Lecturer:
D. Birginal, S. Katsushima
Lecturer:
U. Perz-Owens

The Department of Modern Languages and Literature offers the Bachelor of Arts degree with majors in French and Spanish, and cooperates in offering majors in Italian studies, Latin American studies, European studies and Asian studies, with the Departments of Art, History and Political Science; more information on these programs can be found elsewhere in this catalogue.

Minors are available in French, German, Italian, Italian Studies, and Spanish. Students interested in a minor in these languages are encouraged to consider a European Studies major. This major, along with its language skills, will provide an understanding of the changes in the new integrated Europe. It will also be a very marketable degree. All language majors are encouraged to become proficient in a foreign language through study abroad; secondary education language majors are required to study abroad. All language majors take a comprehensive exam or write a thesis; content varies by language.

A waiver for lower division requirements may be granted by the chairperson of the department on recommendation of faculty according to the student’s level of achievement or background. Majors need a minimum of 19 credits (French) or 22 credits (Spanish) at the 300 level or above. Three or six credits will be granted to students who achieve a score of four or five on the Advanced Placement Examination. Credit will not be given to native speakers of a language for their knowledge of that language. Native speakers or students with near-native fluency will not be allowed to enroll in first year language courses in their native language. They will be placed into an appropriate course level according to their skills. No language courses may be challenged for credit.

Gonzaga also offers a one year or one semester program of study in Paris, France. Courses taken at the Sorbonne and/or the Institut Catholique may be transferred to Gonzaga and applied to the major requirement. Gonzaga-in-Florence, Italy, admits students for a year or a semester of study. There is also a summer program in Florence. The department has a fall and spring semester program in Granada, Spain, plus a summer intensive program (up to six) credits) in Cuernavaca, Mexico. Study abroad programs in Japan and China are also available through the University. Study in Germany with the Goethe-Institut is available during the summer.

The Asian Studies, Latin American Studies, and European Studies programs, which are part of the International Studies major, are fully described under International Studies.


B.A. Major in French: 35 Credits
or 19 credits at the 300 level and above
Lower Division
FREN 101 Elementary French I
4 credits
FREN 102 Elementary French II 4 credits
FREN 201 Intermediate French I 4 credits
FREN 202 Intermediate French II 4 credits
Upper Division
One course in literature: 3 credits
   FREN 320 Literary Genres
   FREN 321 Panorama Literature and Ideas I
   FREN 322 Panorama Literature and Ideas II
   FREN 323 Le Paris des contrastes
   FREN 327 L'Existentialisme
One course in cinema: 3 credits
   FREN 331 Contemporary French Cinema
   FREN 337 European Cinema
One course in culture/civilization: 3 credits
   FREN 340 La France d'aujourd'hui
   FREN 347 Historic Evolution of France
   FREN 350 French Civilization and Culture
   FREN 445 History of 20th Century France
   FREN 448 Europe Yesterday and Today
FREN 300/400 level -- Electives 6 credits
FREN 495, Senior Seminar 3 credits
FREN 499 French Comprehensive 1 credit
FREN 495 open to French minors by permission of the instructor only.
In order to reach the level of linguistic and cultural proficiency required for the French major, most students should expect to study abroad.  They may do so through participation either in the GU-in-Paris program or in another approved study abroad program.  French minors are strongly encouraged to study abroad for a year, or a semester, or in an approved summer program.
B.A. Major in Italian Studies: 36 Credits
or 22 credits at the 300 level and above
Lower Division Courses
ITAL 101 Elementary Italian I 3 credits
ITAL 102 Elementary Italian II 3 credits
ITAL 201 Intermediate Italian I 4 credits
ITAL 202 Intermediate Italian II 4 credits
Upper  Division Courses
One of the following two courses: 3 credits
    ITAL 301 Advanced Italian I
    ITAL 302 Advanced Italian II
Electives (Chosen from the list below or any Italian course(s) listed under Modern Languages.  Nine elective credits must be from courses taught in Italian.) 18 credits
ITAL 498 Senior Project 1 credit

Minor in Italian Studies: 26 credits
or 12 credits at the 300 level and above
Lower Division Courses
ITAL 101 Elementary Italian I 3 credits
ITAL 102 Elementary Italian II 3 credits
ITAL 201 Intermediate Italian I 4 credits
ITAL 202 Intermediate Italian II 4 credits
Upper Division Courses
One of the following four courses: 3 credits
     ITAL 301 Advanced Italian I
     ITAL 302 Advanced Italian II
     ITAL 306 Advanced Conversation
     ITAL 307 Conversational Approach to Contemporary Issues
Electives (Chosen from the list below or any Italian course(s) listed under Modern Languages.) 9 credits

The following courses may be applied toward electives for the major and minor in Italian Studies. No more than two courses can be taken from the same discipline (this doesn't apply to Italian courses.) Complete course descriptions can be found under departmental listings. Courses offered in Florence which are not offered regularly and are not on this list will need the approval of the Director of Italian Studies to be used toward the major and minor in Italian Studies.

COMM 480 Themes in Communication Studies
(could include, for example, a course on Rhetoric with an Italian content.)
ENGL 366 Themes in Literature
(could include, for example, a comparative study of modern English/American and Italian experimental writers.)
HIST 305/ITAL 363 The Roman Republic
HIST 306/ITAL 364 The Roman Empire
HIST 311/ITAL 366 Medieval Europe (in Florence only)
HIST 312/ITAL 367 Renaissance Europe (in Florence and Spokane)
VART 360 Flo Museum Studies (in Florence only)
VART 398 Roman Art and Architecture
VART 393 Modern Italian Art (in Florence and Spokane)
VART 397 Renaissance Art
VART 466 Flo/PHIL 472 Flo Philosophy of Art. (in Florence only)
ECON 404 Economic Integration - European Economic Community
ITAL 301 Advanced Italian
ITAL 303 Survey of Italian Literature I
ITAL 304 Survey of Italian Literature II
ITAL 307 Conversational Approach to Contemporary Issues
ITAL 308 Italian through Film (Florence)
ITAL 350 Italian Culture and Civilization
INST 380/HIST 324 Church and State in the Making of Italy
INST 379/HIST 339 Italy and Europe after WWII
INST 391/HIST 338 Fascist Italy
POLS 345 Machiavelli and the Romans
POLS 357 Italian Political System
SOCI 478 Social and Economic Development of Italy



Special Topics in Language Courses
With prior approval of the departmental chair, students may study a language abroad (in a university approved program) not studied at Gonzaga and transfer these units to Gonzaga.
MDLA 190 Elementary language course(s) 3-6 credits
MDLA 290 Intermediate language course(s) 3-6 credits
MDLA 390 Advanced language course(s) 3-6 credits
Courses in foreign civilization and culture
Note: For these courses foreign-language competence is not a pre-requisite. Courses are offered on sufficient demand and are designated by a foreign culture course attribute.

B.A. Major in Spanish: 38 Credits
or 22 credits at the 300 level and above
Lower Division
SPAN 101 Elementary Spanish I 4 credits
SPAN 102 Elementary Spanish II 4 credits
SPAN 201 Intermediate Spanish I 4 credits
SPAN 202 Intermediate Spanish II 4 credits
Upper Division
SPAN 301 Advanced Spanish 3 credits
SPAN 302 Advanced Spanish II 3 credits
Two of the following four course: 6 credits
   SPAN 303 Survey of Spanish Literature I
   SPAN 304 Survey of Spanish Literature II
   SPAN 307 Survey of Latin-American Literature I
   SPAN 308 Survey of Latin-American Literature I
One of the following four courses: 3 credits
   SPAN 409 Spanish Civilization and Culture
   SPAN 410 Spanish-American Civilization and Culture
   SPAN 415 Spanish Cinema
   SPAN 416 Latin American Cinema
SPAN Electives 6 credits
SPAN 499 Spanish Comprehensive 1 credit
All upper division required courses for the Spanish major must be taken on the Gonzaga campus. SPAN 499 requires 12 credits of upper division Spanish taken on the Gonzaga campus, excluding SPAN 301, SPAN 302, and SPAN 306.

Minor in French or German or Spanish: 28 Credits; Italian: 26 Credits
(or 12 credits at the 300 level and above)
Lower Division
Elementary Level                                                       (6 credits for Italian minors)
6-8 credits
Intermediate Level 8 credits
Upper Division
Electives in Same Language 12 credits
All Spanish minors are required to take SPAN 301

The core curriculum or common body of knowledge of the College of Arts and Sciences consists of 59 to 62 credits which are common to and required of all degree programs in the College: the first 31 credits (of which there is a more complete description in the General Degree Requirements and Procedures section of this catalogue) form the University Core, while the remaining 28 to 31 credits are common to all Arts and Sciences degrees.
Students should attempt to spread the core curriculum over their entire fours years at Gonzaga.

  1. Thought and Expression (7 credits): ENGL 101, SPCO 101, and PHIL 101 (preferably in the same semester).
  2. Philosophy (9 credits): PHIL 201, PHIL 301, and  PHIL  400 level elective.
  3. Religious Studies (9 credits): RELI 100, 200, and 300 levels: one course from each level.
  4. Mathematics (3 credits): one MATH (not CPSC) course on the 100 level or above; NURS 320 is substituted for a MATH course for BSN students; MATH 203 fulfills this requirement only for students who graduate with certification in Elementary Education.
  5. English Literature (3 credits): ENGL 102 or 103H or 105 or 106.
  6. History (6 credits): HIST 101 and either HIST 102 or HIST 112 in their first year. If they are unable to complete all six 100-level HIST credits in their first year, HIST 201 or 202 may be substituted for one 100-level course after the first year.
  7. Fine Arts (3 credits): one course in either VART, MUSC, or THEA from courses approved by Dean of Arts and Sciences.
  8. Laboratory Science (4 credits): one course with laboratory in either BIOL, CHEM, or PHYS.
  9. Mathematics or Natural Science (3 credits): one course in either MATH, CPSC, BIOL, CHEM, PHYS, or ITEC.
  10. Literature (3 credits): one British or American literature course (ENGL 201 - 285).
  11. Social Science (6 credits): CRIM 101, ECON, SOCI, POLS, or PSYC: two courses from these departments.
  12. Foreign Language or Culture (3 credits): one course in any foreign language (classical or modern) or one (foreign culture) course approved by the Dean of Arts and Sciences.  Foreign-language speaking students from foreign cultures who have completed the nine English core credits at Gonzaga prior to their fourth year (last thirty credits) may petition the Associate Dean of Arts and Sciences for a waiver of the foreign language or Culture requirement..
  13. Social Justice (3 credits): One course on Social Justice issues related to experiences of difference (like race, class, gender, ethnicity or sexual orientation), from courses approved by the Dean of Arts & Sciences; (may be combined with other core or major requirements).