Classical Civilizations

Chairperson: Andrew L. Goldman
Professors: P. Hartin, F. Schlatter, S.J. (Emeritus)
Assistant Professor:  David Oosterhuis
Senior Lecturer: K. Krall, S.J.

The Department of Classical Civilizations – the oldest at our University – provides undergraduates with access to over 2,500 years of human experience drawn from the multicultural world of the ancient Mediterranean and Near East. Coursework emphasizes the history, material culture, mores, and values of the societies that have helped shape Western civilization, drawing attention to the significant achievements of the past and the considerable impact of their legacy upon the present.

The department offers both a B.A. major (36 credits) and a B.A. minor (23 credits) degrees in Classical Civilizations. All majors and minors are required to complete two (2) upper division CLAS courses as part of the degree, as well as a minimum of at least three (3) language courses in either Latin or Greek up to and including the completion of a 201 level class. Students who elect to pursue a major degree in this program must choose a focus in either Latin or Greco-Roman Civilization and complete five (5) elective courses among those listed in the current catalogue as well as a senior thesis (CLAS 499) appropriate to the chosen concentration. Minors are required to select three (3) upper level electives from among those listed in this catalogue. The electives encompass a range of disciplines, including history, archaeology, philosophy, religious studies, and intermediate and advanced Latin and Greek. Majors are required to include at least one (1) course in Greek culture and one (1) course in Roman culture from among the elective offerings. Participating students are thus required to complete a balanced curriculum divided between the study of ancient languages (Latin, Greek) and their contemporary societies. Through this combined focus, students gain a broader comprehension and appreciation of the rich cultural and humanistic heritage stemming from the classical world. The ancients themselves embraced this model of liberal arts education; according to the Roman orator Cicero, such cultural and historical study “illumines reality, vitalizes memory, provides guidance in daily life and brings us tidings of antiquity.”

The program’s courses are by nature interdisciplinary, with application to the sciences, art, theater, literature, philosophy, religion, politics, and government. Moreover, through addressing relevant issues of gender, ethnicity, and interaction between cultures, the curriculum reaches well beyond the borders of Greece and Rome to embrace other civilizations across the world and time. By immersing students in an examination of the languages and ethnically diverse societies of antiquity, the program prepares them for careers within a world that is increasingly multicultural, interdependent, and global in outlook, in such fields as politics, ethics, business, law, sciences and education. The department will meet the needs of three classes of students: (1) those who wish a major or minor in Classical Civilizations; (2) those who wish to begin or continue the study of Latin or Greek in support of other majors or in preparation for advanced work in other areas; and (3) those who wish to fulfill part of the foreign language requirement of the Arts and Sciences Core curriculum by taking one of the classical languages.

B.A. Major in Classical Civilizations: 36 Credits
Lower Division

Language Courses:

12 credits

   LATN 101-LATN 102 or LATN 103; LATN 201


   GREK 101-GREK 102 or GREK 103; GREK 201


   GREK 151-GREK 152; GREK 251

Upper Division

Two (2) Classical (CLAS) courses
6 credits

Six (5) Elective courses* 15 credits

CLAS 499 Senior Thesis 3 credits

Students MUST focus in either Latin or Greco-Roman Civilization

*Focus in Latin Language and Authors
LATN 210 Reading Latin
3 credits
LATN 301 Republican Latin Prose I 3 credits
LATN 302 Imperial Latin Prose II 3 credits
LATN 303 Republican Latin Poetry I 3 credits
LATN 304 Imperial Latin Poetry II 3 credits
LATN 305 Vergil
3 credits
LATN 310 Medieval Latin 3 credits
LATN 491 Independent Study (Latin) 1-4 credits

*Focus in Greco-Roman Civilization

This selection MUST include one (1) course in Greek culture and one (1) course in Roman culture.

The following courses fulfill the Greek culture requirement:
CLAS 310 Greek Gods and Heroes
3 credits
CLAS 320 The Iliad and the Odyssey 3 credits
CLAS 330 Women in Antiquity
3 credits
CLAS 350 Love Poetry in Antiquity 3 credits
CLAS 370 Peoples and Empires of Turkey 3 credits
CLAS 410 Topics in Greek Civilization
3 credits
GREK 210 Reading Attic Greek
3 credits
GREK 260 Reading New Testament Greek
3 credits
GREK 290 Directed Study
3 credits
GREK 291 Independent Study
3 credits
GREK 491 Independent Reading Course
1-4 credits
HIST 302 The Ancient City 3 credits
HIST 303 Athens in the 5th century BC 3 credits
HIST 304 Alexander the Great and the Hellenistic World
3 credits
HIST 307 Greek Art and Archaeology
3 credits
PHIL 401 History of Ancient Philosophy 3 credits
PHIL 481 Ancient Concepts of Justice
3 credits
PHIL 483 Philosophical Issues in Greek Drama
3 credits


The following courses fulfill the Roman Culture requirement:

CLAS 330 Women in Antiquity 3 credits
CLAS 340 Roman Epic
3 credits
CLAS 350 Love Poetry in Antiquity
3 credits
CLAS 370 Peoples and Empires of Turkey
3 credits
CLAS 420 Topic in Roman Civilization
3 credits
HIST 302 The Ancient City
3 credits
HIST 305 The Roman Republic
3 credits
HIST 306 The Roman Empire
3 credits
HIST 308 Roman Art and Archaeology
3 credits
LATN 210 Reading Latin
3 credits
LATN 491 Independent Reading Course
1-4 credits
PHIL 401 History of Ancient Philosophy
3 credits
PHIL 406 Philosophy of St. Augustine
3 credits
PHIL 481 Ancient Concepts of Justice
3 credits
RELI 417 Christians, Romans and Jews 3 credits
RELI 443 The Early Church
3 credits


The following courses fulfill general elective requirements:


CLAS 360 Ancient Near Eastern Archaeology
3 credits

RELI 496A Classical Hebrew I
3 credits)

RELI 496B Classical Hebrew II 3 credits)


Minor in Classical Civilizations: 23 credits
Lower Division

Two (2) Language Courses
   LATN 101-LATN 102 or LATN 103
   GREK 101-GREK 102 or GREK 103
   GREK 151-GREK 152
8 credits
Upper Division

Two upper division CLAS courses
6 credits

Three Electives:
Selected from any of the following six (6) disciplinary perspectives:
9 credits
Latin Language:
LATN 201 Latin III
4 credits
LATN 210 Reading Latin 3 credits
Greek Language:
GREK 201 Greek III
4 credits
GREK 210 Reading Attic Greek
3 credits
GREK 251 Biblical Greek III 4 credits
GREK 260 Reading New Testament Greek
3 credits
Archaeology:
HIST 302 The Ancient City 3 credits
HIST 307 Greek Art and Archaeology
3 credits
HIST 308 Roman Art and Archaeology
3 credits
History:
HIST 303 Athens in the 5th Century 3 credits
HIST 304 Alexander the Great and the Hellenistic World 3 credits
HIST 305 The Roman Republic from Romulus to Julius Caesar 3 credits
HIST 306 The Roman Empire from Augustus to the “Decline and Fall” 3 credits
Philosophy:
PHIL 401 History of Ancient Philosophy 3 credits
PHIL 406 Philosophy of St. Augustine 3 credits
PHIL 481 Ancient Concepts of Justice 3 credits
PHIL 483 Philosophical Issues in Greek Drama 3 credits
Religious Studies:
RELI 417 Christians, Romans and Jews 3 credits
RELI 443 The Early Church
3 credits
Hebrew Language:
RELI 496A Classical Hebrew I
3 credits
RELI 496B Classical Hebrew II 3 credits


The core curriculum or common body of knowledge of the College of Arts and Sciences consists of 59 to 62 credits which are common to and required of all degree programs in the College: the first 31 credits (of which there is a more complete description in the General Degree Requirements and Procedures section of this catalogue) form the University Core, while the remaining 28 to 31 credits are common to all Arts and Sciences degrees.
Students should attempt to spread the core curriculum over their entire fours years at Gonzaga.

  1. Thought and Expression (7 credits): ENGL 101, SPCO 101, and PHIL 101 (preferably in the same semester).
  2. Philosophy (9 credits): PHIL 201, PHIL 301, and  PHIL  400 level elective.
  3. Religious Studies (9 credits): RELI 100, 200, and 300 levels: one course from each level.
  4. Mathematics (3 credits): one MATH (not CPSC) course on the 100 level or above; NURS 320 is substituted for a MATH course for BSN students; MATH 203 fulfills this requirement only for students who graduate with certification in Elementary Education.
  5. English Literature (3 credits): ENGL 102 or 103H or 105 or 106.
  6. History (6 credits): HIST 101 and either HIST 102 or HIST 112 in their first year. If they are unable to complete all six 100-level HIST credits in their first year, HIST 201 or 202 may be substituted for one 100-level course after the first year.
  7. Fine Arts (3 credits): one course in either VART, MUSC, or THEA from courses approved by Dean of Arts and Sciences.
  8. Laboratory Science (4 credits): one course with laboratory in either BIOL, CHEM, or PHYS.
  9. Mathematics or Natural Science (3 credits): one course in either MATH, CPSC, BIOL, CHEM, PHYS, or ITEC.
  10. Literature (3 credits): one British or American literature course (ENGL 201 - 285).
  11. Social Science (6 credits): CRIM 101, ECON, SOCI, POLS, or PSYC: two courses from these departments.
  12. Foreign Language or Culture (3 credits): one course in any foreign language (classical or modern) or one (foreign culture) course approved by the Dean of Arts and Sciences.  Foreign-language speaking students from foreign cultures who have completed the nine English core credits at Gonzaga prior to their fourth year (last thirty credits) may petition the Associate Dean of Arts and Sciences for a waiver of the foreign language or Culture requirement..
  13. Social Justice (3 credits): One course on Social Justice issues related to experiences of difference (like race, class, gender, ethnicity or sexual orientation), from courses approved by the Dean of Arts & Sciences; (may be combined with other core or major requirements).