Courses


PSYC 101 General Psychology 3.00 credits
An overview of contemporary psychology which introduces the student to the following areas: human development, sensation perception, motivation, learning, emotion, psychological measurement, personality, biological basis of behavior, experimental psychology, intelligence, abnormal behavior, and personality. Format consists of lectures and discussions. Fall and Spring; Summer on sufficient demand.
 
PSYC 207 Research Methods in Psychology 3.00 credits
An introduction to research methods in psychology with particular focus on the experimental method. Primary emphasis is on the application of the methods learned in class to actual psychological research problems. Fall and Spring. Majors must earn a grade of B- or better (course may be repeated).
 
Prerequisite: (MATH 121 Minimum Grade: D or MATH 321 Minimum Grade: D or BUSN 230 Minimum Grade: D or SOCI 202 Minimum Grade: D or NURS 320 Minimum Grade: D or HPHY 205 Minimum Grade: D) and PSYC 101 Minimum Grade: D
Concurrent: PSYC 207L
PSYC 207L Research Methods in Psyc Lab 1.00 credit
To be taken concurrently with PSYC 207, the lab will provide the student with practical, hands-on experience in conducting and writing-up research projects in psychology. Majors must earn a grade of B- or better (course may be repeated). Fall and Spring.
 
Concurrent: PSYC 207
PSYC 280 Nurturing Reverence for Life 3.00 credits
This course is aimed at non-psychology majors, participating in the Zambia program. Through readings and direct field observation, students will be introduced to the behavior of chimpanzees, in the tradition of comparative psychology. Students will also expand their world-view through cultural immersion activities by working with local and visiting school children and at a nearby Women's Center. Permission of Instructor.
 
PSYC 281 Special Topics 3.00 credits
Topics to be determined by the faculty.
 
Prerequisite: PSYC 101 Minimum Grade: D
PSYC 285 Psychology of Transcendence 3.00 credits
Utilizing perspective gained from development psychology, developmental psychopathology, object relations theory, and attachment theory this course will explore both positive and defensive uses of the human quest of transcendence. Focusing on religious traditions throughout the world (Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, Hinduism, etc.) this course will provide familiarity with common themes of transcendent experience (salvation, enlightenment, timeless grace, etc.) Seniors only. On sufficient demand.
 
PSYC 290 Directed Study 1.00 - 3.00 credits
Topic to be decided by faculty. Permission of Chair.
 
PSYC 300 Biological Psychology 3.00 credits
This course will introduce students to the biological structures and processes that are involved in psychological behavior. Students will learn about the cells, anatomy, and development of the human nervous system, and about the biological processes related to specific behaviors including perception, movement, emotion, learning, memory, and cognition. Fall and/or spring.
 
PSYC 305 Sensation and Perception 3.00 credits
Examines the transduction of sensory information, its processing and organization by the human nervous system, and how these processes result in perceptual experiences. Emphasis on vision and hearing. Fall and/or spring.
 
PSYC 310 Cognition 3.00 credits
An exploration of the psychophysics and neurophysiology of human cognition. Topics include perception, attention, memory, language, reasoning, decision making, and the representation of knowledge. Fall and/or spring.
 
PSYC 315 Learning 3.00 credits
Advanced survey of concepts and methods relevant to the scientific analysis of learning. Fall.
 
Prerequisite: PSYC 101 Minimum Grade: D
PSYC 318 Cultural Psychology 3.00 credits
Cultural Psychology studies how cultural systems and mind mutually and dynamically influence each other. Cultural influences on cognition, perception, emotion, motivation, moral reasoning, and the constitution of well-being/psychopathology will be discussed with a view towards understanding divergent mentalities. PSYC 335 is recommended as a pre-requisite but not required.
 
Prerequisite: PSYC 207 Minimum Grade: D and PSYC 207L Minimum Grade: D
PSYC 320 Seminar:Psychophysiology 3.00 credits
Psychophysiology is a branch of psychology that uses physiological measures, such as skin conductance and heart rate, to study psychological processes, such as selective attention and emotion. In this seminar you will learn to record and psychologically interpret common psychophysiological measures including skin conductance, muscle activity, cardiovascular activity, eye movements, and cortical brain activity. On sufficient demand.
 
PSYC 330 Emotion 3.00 credits
This seminar is designed to provide undergraduates with a broad foundation in current theory and research related to human emotion. Students become familiar with classic theories, current issues, methodologies and debates characterizing the study of emotion. Both intrapersonal and interpersonal dimensions of emotion are addressed. The seminar prepares students for graduate level work in the area of psychology; as such, it requires a high level of preparation for and participation during each class meeting. Fall and/or Spring.
 
PSYC 334 Comparative Psychology 3.00 credits
Students will study the behavior of a variety of species and how their behavior relates to that of human beings. Fall and/or spring.
 
PSYC 335 Social Psychology 3.00 credits
An analysis of psycho-social endowment. The impact of individuals, groups, and social structure on the development of personality and interpersonal relations. Fall and Spring; Summer on sufficient demand.
 
PSYC 340 Personality 3.00 credits
A survey and critique of major theories of personality. Fall and Spring.
 
PSYC 345 Child Psychology 3.00 credits
The essentials of child psychology, representing various schools of thought based upon research on the development of children from conception to preadolescence. May include a service-learning component. Fall and/or Spring.
 
Prerequisite: (PSYC 207 Minimum Grade: D and PSYC 207L Minimum Grade: D) or SOCI 304 Minimum Grade: D or (HPHY 205 Minimum Grade: D and HPHY 210 Minimum Grade: D) or EDSE 320 Minimum Grade: D
PSYC 350 Adolescent Psychology 3.00 credits
A survey of psychological research and major theories regarding the life-span between puberty and the attainment of maturity. May include a service-learning component. Fall and/or Spring.
 
Prerequisite: (PSYC 207 Minimum Grade: D and PSYC 207 Minimum Grade: D) or SOCI 304 Minimum Grade: D or (HPHY 210 Minimum Grade: D and HPHY 205 Minimum Grade: D) or EDSE 320 Minimum Grade: D
PSYC 352 Emerging Adulthood 3.00 credits
This course examines psychological development during the lifespan from post-adolescence through middle age, with an emphasis on emerging adulthood.
 
Prerequisite: PSYC 207 Minimum Grade: D and PSYC 207L Minimum Grade: D or SOCI 304 Minimum Grade: D or EDSE 320 Minimum Grade: D or HPHY 205 Minimum Grade: D
PSYC 355 Psychology of Aging 3.00 credits
This course will explore the interaction and impact of the aging process on physiological, cognitive, and psychological changes within the individual. The course will include topics such as the diversity of aging experiences, retirement, widowhood, coping with illness, family care giving, and mental health issues. On sufficient demand.
 
Prerequisite: PSYC 101 Minimum Grade: D
PSYC 357 Lifespan Development 3.00 credits
Lifespan development explores the physical, cognitive, and socio-emotional changes that humans experience across the lifespan from birth through old age. In the course we will address questions such as: "Is development continuous or discontinuous?" "Are we the product of nature or nurture?" "Do all people follow a similar trajectory or is human development marked by diversity?" Drawing on developmental, social and cognitive psychology, and an understanding of development milestones of each age period, in the course as we investigate development we will pay special attention to the roles of parents, peers, schools, and socioeconomic contexts in those processes.
 
Prerequisite: PSYC 101 Minimum Grade: D
PSYC 364 Sem: Abnormal Child Psychology 3.00 credits
An overview of theory, research, and practice in developmental psychopathology. The major disorders of childhood are reviewed. On sufficient demand. Reading/writing intensive.
 
Prerequisite: PSYC 207 Minimum Grade: B- and PSYC 207L Minimum Grade: B-
PSYC 365 Ethics in Psychology 3.00 credits
Using the APA ethical guidelines for psychologists we will examine the aspirational goals, the standards themselves, the history of the current standards, and how to apply them in a variety of situations faced by psychologists. On sufficient demand.
 
Prerequisite: PSYC 101 Minimum Grade: D
PSYC 370 Educational Psychology 3.00 credits
Designed to guide students in the application of psychological theory and research to work in the classroom, this course will include topics such as learning, aspects of human development that influence learning, and how to structure the classroom environment to maximize learning. On sufficient demand.
 
Prerequisite: PSYC 101 Minimum Grade: D
PSYC 375 Cross-cultural Psychology 3.00 credits
An exploration of the psychological research which seeks to understand differences and similarities in human behavior when compared across cultures and groups. On sufficient demand.
 
Prerequisite: PSYC 101 Minimum Grade: D
PSYC 380 Industrial-Organizational Psyc 3.00 credits
A survey of psychology applied to the work experience. Selection, evaluation, leadership, and work motivation are among the broad range of topics covered. Fall.
 
Prerequisite: PSYC 101 Minimum Grade: D and BUSN 230 Minimum Grade: D or NURS 320 Minimum Grade: D or MATH 121 Minimum Grade: D or MATH 321 Minimum Grade: D or SOCI 202 Minimum Grade: D or HPHY 205 Minimum Grade: D
PSYC 385 Behavior Management 3.00 credits
A critical review of learning procedures used to effect behavioral change in the natural environment. Includes treatment of both normal and maladaptive behaviors. Spring.
 
Prerequisite: PSYC 101 Minimum Grade: D
PSYC 390 Psychopathology 3.00 credits
Survey of major emotional and behavior disorders; discussion of causation, symptomology, and treatment. Fall and Spring.
 
PSYC 391 Seminar:Culture &Mental Health 3.00 credits
This course will focus on the role that culture plays in the manifestation of mental illness and the cultural foundations for understanding such illnesses. Various culture-bound mental health syndromes, including those in the West, and their underlying mechanisms will be discussed with a view that culture, mind and brain constitute one another as a multi-level dynamic system in which no level is primary, and that psychopathology is a emergent property of that system.
 
Prerequisite: PSYC 207 Minimum Grade: D and PSYC 207L Minimum Grade: D and PSYC 318 Minimum Grade: D
PSYC 395 Clinical Neuropsychology 3.00 credits
Neuropsychology is the study of the relationship between brain functioning and behavior, especially as it applies to psychopathology. The course will incorporate an introduction to neuroanatomy, an overview of neuropsychological assessment, and clinical case studies. On sufficient demand.
 
PSYC 396 Seminar:Health/Pediatric Psych 3.00 credits
This course is designed to cover a survey of health/pediatric psychology (i.e. studying the interface between psychological and physical processes), while simultaneously providing in depth analysis of various topic areas (e.g. oncology, pain, etc.). Course content will emphasize many aspects of health/pediatric psychology including basic and applied research, consultation, clinical intervention, and health promotion strategies. On sufficient demand. Reading/writing intensive.
 
Prerequisite: PSYC 207 Minimum Grade: B- and PSYC 207L Minimum Grade: B-
PSYC 397 Children:Risk & Resilience 3.00 credits
The reading and writing intensive seminar focuses on factors and contexts that pose risks for development as well as those that promote resilience.. Topics include the neuro-biological, behavioral, and social effects of child neglect, maltreatment, and other childhood trauma' an exploration of global and political issues, including extreme poverty and a Children's Bill of Rights; and the research on resilience, including some promising programs to promote resilience. Recommended especially for students interested in clinical or social work with children or in teaching.
 
Prerequisite: PSYC 207 Minimum Grade: B-
PSYC 398 Sem: Community Psychology 3.00 credits
Combines an emphasis on exploring alternative methods of providing mental health services in the community and the identification of conditions of risk to psychological adjustment and the prevention or lessening of risk factors. This course has a social-justice designation and a service-learning component. On sufficient demand. Reading/writing intensive.
 
Prerequisite: PSYC 101 Minimum Grade: D and PSYC 207 Minimum Grade: B- and PSYC 207L Minimum Grade: B-
PSYC 399 Sem:Clinical/Counseling Psyc 3.00 credits
An introduction to current theory and method in clinical and counseling psychology. On sufficient demand. Reading/writing intensive.
 
Prerequisite: (PSYC 207 Minimum Grade: B- and PSYC 207 Minimum Grade: B-)
PSYC 400 Environmental Psychology 3.00 credits
An exploration of the interaction between human behavior and the physical environment. Emphasis on perception, preference, and coping with less preferred environments. Spring.
 
Prerequisite: PSYC 101 Minimum Grade: D
Equivalent: ENVS 333 - OK if taken since Fall 2009
PSYC 402 Forensic Psychology 3.00 credits
This course is an introductory level course to the field of forensic psychology, the branch of psychology which focuses on the application of psychological research data and principles within the legal arena. Students will be introduced to the process of applying psychological knowledge, concepts, and principles within the civil and criminal court systems. This course will include an introduction to an overview of topics such as the history of forensic psychology, an overview of the legal system, consultation to legal parties, ethical issues, eye witness testimony, assessment, evaluation of malingering, competency in criminal proceedings, civil commitment, child custody, psychologist testimony in courtroom settings, assessment of sexual offenders, assessment of violent and homicidal behavior, treatment of crime victims, police and investigative psychology, and careers within this field. A variety of formats will be used including lecture, readings, presentation by class members on selected topics, and guest speakers from within the legal arena. Disclaimer: This course by virtue of its topic will address issues related to criminal activity and the subsequent legal proceedings. Although it may seem obvious, each person should consider carefully whether the content is suitable before enrolling in the course as the lectures, readings, and other materials may at times involve topics related to violence and sometimes sexual material which may be offensive to some people. On
 
PSYC 404 Psychology of Addiction 3.00 credits
Course will provide a survey of psychological theory and research regarding addictive disorders and their treatment. On sufficient demand.
 
PSYC 406 Psychology of Intimacy 3.00 credits
This course will explore the nature of attachment relationships from birth through the life span with a specific focus upon issues of intimacy.. Seniors-only. Major-only. On sufficient demand.
 
Prerequisite: PSYC 207 Minimum Grade: D and PSYC 207L Minimum Grade: D
PSYC 410 Marriage and Family 3.00 credits
Individuals develop within a complex network of relationships. Among these, family relationships are especially significant due to their centrality and longevity. This course examines what we know from the empirical study of family relationships. Students are introduced to methods of studying family relationships as well as prominent theories and findings regarding marital and family functioning. Two themes span the variety of topics covered in this course. The first involves the importance of understanding the family as a system embedded in a particular socio-economic context. The second has to do with the interface between individual and family development. On sufficient demand.
 
PSYC 412 Family Systems:Theory & Pract 3.00 credits
This course introduces students to the theory and practice of family systems. We will compare and contrast various models of family systems including transgenerational, structural, strategic, and experiential approaches. This course is especially recommended for students considering a career in a clinical context as a therapist. We will apply family systems theories to clinical case studies and examine how family therapists try to bring about change. Students will have an opportunity to integrate these concepts as they begin to clarify and develop their own therapeutic framework. On sufficient demand.
 
PSYC 414 Group Process 3.00 credits
This course is an introduction to the theory and practice of group counseling and psychotherapy. Students in this course study both historical and current literature regarding the theoretical and experiential understandings of group purpose, developmental stages, dynamics such as roles, norms, and therapeutic factors, leadership orientations and process, counseling theories, group counseling methods, and skills. On sufficient demand.
 
PSYC 416 Psychology of Gender 3.00 credits
A review of both the theory and empirical literature investigating the psychology of gender (including biological cognitive, developmental and psychosocial models).
 
Equivalent: WGST 352 - Successful completion
PSYC 422 Development in Diverse Environ 3.00 credits
Course will explore child development across various contexts with particular emphasis on broadening students' perspectives beyond normative development in white, middle class environments. Contexts explored will include poverty and homelessness, racial discrimination, diverse family contexts (e.g., divorce, parents who are homosexual), foster care and adoption, violent/war stricken environments, and cross-cultural child-rearing practices. May include a service-learning component. On sufficient demand.
 
Prerequisite: (PSYC 207 Minimum Grade: B- and PSYC 207L Minimum Grade: B-)
PSYC 428 Sem: Psychology of Trauma 3.00 credits
Since the Viet Nam war, our culture has become increasingly familiar with the terms 'trauma' and 'posttraumatic stress disorder' (PTSD). But what is trauma, exactly, and what are its effects? Is the nature of the trauma (type, duration) related to its impact? As a discipline, what do we know about the onset, duration and prognosis of PTSD? What do we know about the experience of PTSD? This course addresses these questions and considers both intrapersonal (biological and cognitive) and interpersonal dimensions of trauma. On sufficient demand.
 
Prerequisite: PSYC 207 Minimum Grade: B- and PSYC 207L Minimum Grade: B-
PSYC 440 Child Psychology in Zambia 1.00 - 3.00 credits
Students will work with children at the education center at Chimfunshi Wildlife Sanctuary in Zambia, Africa. They will be responsible for organizing educational activities for local and visiting school children and completing readings and a course project. Summer. Permission of Instructor
 
PSYC 442 Pre-immersion for Study Abroad 1.00 credit
This class is mandatory for all student taking either/both upper-division psychology courses as part of the Zambia summer study abroad program. It will be designed to prepare students for the immersion experience and will include readings and discussion in comparative and child psychology, completion of activity plans, and preliminary research for course projects. Permission of Instructor.
 
PSYC 449 Special Elective Topics 3.00 credits
Topic to be decided by faculty.
 
PSYC 450 Statistics in Psychology 3.00 credits
This course will cover the basic concepts of descriptive and inferential statistics and will emphasize their application to the gathering and analysis of data as related to research questions in psychology. Fall and/or spring.
 
PSYC 455 Psyc Honors: Adv Rsrch Methods 3.00 credits
The purpose of this course is twofold. The first goal is to provide students with a greater understanding or research design and data analysis in psychology. The second objective is to assist students in the design and execution of a research study, the results of which will be presented to a psychology department gathering at the end of the semester. This course reviews the structure and logic of experimental procedures, basic issues in conducting research, and fundamentals of data analysis. Fall and/or spring. Permission of instructor.
 
Prerequisite: PSYC 207 Minimum Grade: B+ and PSYC 207L Minimum Grade: B+
Concurrent: PSYC 455L PSYC 498
PSYC 455L Advanced Research Methods Lab 1.00 credit
To be taken concurrently with PSYC 455. Permission of instructor.
 
Prerequisite: PSYC 207 Minimum Grade: B+ and PSYC 207L Minimum Grade: B+
Concurrent: PSYC 455
PSYC 460 Testing and Measurement 3.00 credits
Emphasis on the theoretical aspects of psychological testing for test administration, construction, and evaluation. Either PSYC 460 or PSYC 462 but not both will count toward major and minor requirements. On sufficient demand.
 
Prerequisite: (PSYC 207 Minimum Grade: B- and PSYC 207L Minimum Grade: B-) or SOCI 304 Minimum Grade: B-
PSYC 462 Psychological Assessment 3.00 credits
Emphasis on the theoretical aspects of psychological testing for test administration, construction, and evaluation in clinical settings. Either PSYC 460 or PSYC 462 but not both will count toward major and minor requirements. On sufficient demand.
 
Prerequisite: (PSYC 207 Minimum Grade: B- and PSYC 207L Minimum Grade: B-) or SOCI 304 Minimum Grade: B-
PSYC 465 History and Systems of Psych 3.00 credits
The various systematic approaches to the understanding of psychological phenomena are surveyed in historical context; such schools as structuralism, functionalism, psychoanalysis humanistic psychology, and varieties of behaviorism and cognitivism, will be considered. Fall.
 
Prerequisite: PSYC 101 Minimum Grade: D
PSYC 470 Behavior Analysis 4.00 credits
The attitudes, principles, and techniques which enter into the experimental analysis of behavior. Concentrated laboratory study and the communication of experimental findings. Spring.
 
Prerequisite: PSYC 101 Minimum Grade: D
Concurrent: PSYC 470L
PSYC 470L Behavior Analysis Lab .00 credits
To be taken concurrently with PSYC 470. Spring.
 
Prerequisite: PSYC 101 Minimum Grade: D
Concurrent: PSYC 470
PSYC 472 Psychology of Consciousness 3.00 credits
This class will examine the relationship between mind and brain based upon current philosophical and empirical perspectives. On sufficient demand.
 
Prerequisite: PSYC 207 Minimum Grade: B- and PSYC 207L Minimum Grade: B-
PSYC 474 Sem:Attachment Across Lifespan 3.00 credits
Seminar course explores the basic principles of attachment theory and an analysis of attachment relationships (e.g., parent-child, romantic partners) at various points in the lifespan. May include a service-learning component. On sufficient demand. Reading/writing intensive.
 
Prerequisite: (PSYC 207 Minimum Grade: B- and PSYC 207L Minimum Grade: B-)
PSYC 476 Sem:Mindfulness &Psychotherapy 3.00 credits
The psychotherapeutic value of mindfulness is gaining empirical support within Western science and is increasingly being utilized in psychotherapy. This reading/writing intensive seminar will be a practical, experiential, and academic exploration of mindfulness and its relevance to psychotherapy. We will be introduced to and practice self-applied mindfulness training, review and evaluate empirical and theoretical literature exploring mindfulness-based practices, and discuss ways to incorporate mindfulness into our personal and professional lives. To further their exposure to advanced research methodologies, students will be introduced to (or review) small N and case study methods to investigate their experiences with mindfulness-based practices. Reading/writing intensive.
 
Prerequisite: PSYC 207 Minimum Grade: B- and PSYC 207L Minimum Grade: B-
PSYC 478 Seminar: Human Flourishing 3.00 credits
Human Flourishing will explore what is constructive, beautiful and healthy about human beings and their social interactions. This course will provide familiarity with the Positive Psychology movement and what it brings to the social psychology table that helps us understand and improve ourselves and the communities in which we reside (e.g. our relationships, workplaces). Some of the section topics will include: healthy relationships and their benefits, happiness as both a cause and an effect of positive outcomes, distinguishing positive emotions (e.g. awe, elevation, gratitude) and their outcomes, and the importance of personal well-being for the workplace and our economy. On sufficient demand. Reading/writing intensive.
 
Prerequisite: PSYC 207 Minimum Grade: B- and PSYC 207L Minimum Grade: B- and PSYC 207L Minimum Grade: D
PSYC 480 Comparative Psycholg in Zambia 3.00 credits
Students will engage in observational research of chimpanzees at the Chimfunshi Wildlife Sanctuary, in Zambia, Africa. They will learn skills of field and observational research; participate in guided observations' and develop their own mini-project for which they will prepare ahead of time. Summer. Permission of Instructor.
 
PSYC 485 Special Topics in Adv T/P/R 3.00 credits
Topic to be decided by faculty.
 
Prerequisite: PSYC 207 Minimum Grade: B- and PSYC 207L Minimum Grade: B-
PSYC 490 Directed Study 1.00 - 3.00 credits
Directed study of special topic to include readings and practical application.
 
Prerequisite: PSYC 207 Minimum Grade: B- and PSYC 207L Minimum Grade: B- and PSYC 207L Minimum Grade: D
PSYC 492 Directed Reading in Psychology 1.00 - 3.00 credits
Directed reading of an advanced topic in the field of psychology; reports submitted, conferences attended, and examination taken at the judgment of the director.
 
Prerequisite: PSYC 207 Minimum Grade: B- and PSYC 207L Minimum Grade: B-
PSYC 494 Tutoring and Proctoring 1.00 - 3.00 credits
Advanced psychology students participate in the tutoring and proctoring of students who can benefit from special assistance in a particular area of psychology, especially in research methods. It is assumed that tutors and proctors have an especially good command of the subject matter. Fall and Spring.
 
Prerequisite: PSYC 207 Minimum Grade: B+ and PSYC 207L Minimum Grade: B+
PSYC 495 Practicum 1.00 credit
Supervised agency experiences in one or more of the applied aspects of psychology. Only one hour may be counted toward the requirements for the major.
 
Prerequisite: PSYC 390 Minimum Grade: B- and PSYC 399 Minimum Grade: B-
PSYC 496 Individual Research Topics 1.00 - 3.00 credits
Supervised individual research on a topic of interest to the student and approved by and arranged with a faculty member.
 
Prerequisite: PSYC 207 Minimum Grade: B- and PSYC 207L Minimum Grade: B-
PSYC 497 Group Research Topic 1.00 - 3.00 credits
Supervised research experience as a part of a research team working on a specific project under the direction and supervision of a faculty member.
 
Prerequisite: PSYC 207 Minimum Grade: B- and PSYC 207L Minimum Grade: B-
PSYC 498 Comprehensive Alternate .00 credits
Comprehensive ONLY for students who have taken PSYC 455/455L OR who are enrolled in PSYC 455/455L OR who will take the GRE Subject Test in Psychology through Educational Testing Services (must report scores). To pass, students must earn B or better in PSYC 455/455L or score at/above the 12th percentile on the GRE Subject Test.
 
PSYC 499 Comprehensive .00 credits
Students must take the Major Fields Test (MFT) in Psychology and score at or above the 45th percentile to pass. The MFT is administered at least twice a semester by the psychology department.
 
Prerequisite: PSYC 207 Minimum Grade: B- and PSYC 207 Minimum Grade: B-